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Water Demand Management in Jordan

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DOI: 10.4236/eng.2014.61004    4,502 Downloads   6,496 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Jordan is located in the Middle East in the eastern Mediterranean. It has a surface area of approximately 90,000 km2 and its population reaches 6.3 million. Jordan is the fourth driest countries in the World and water demand exceeds Jordans available water resources. Annual per capita water availability has declined from 3600 m3/year in 1946 to 145 m3/year today. It is estimated that the population will continue to grow from about 5.87 million in 2008 to over 7.80 million by 2022. Total projected water demand will be 1673 million cubic meters by 2022. Fifteen-year complete records for water consumption were studied to see the supply and demand variation with time. It had been noticed that water demand management will address the actual needs for water. This management program will ensure further reduction in water use, reduce water loses through the distribution supply net, prevent pollution. In addition, it will help minimize water disposal in nature, make efficient use of available water resources, plan for future new water resources prudently and finally impose a real cost for water supply that would be acceptable. In addition to the above, public awareness program is to be put in action. Such a program should be used in schools as well as the media. The public is to be aware of the problem and how they can assist with overcoming the water shortage crisis.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

N. Al-Ansari, N. Alibrahiem, M. Alsaman and S. Knutsson, "Water Demand Management in Jordan," Engineering, Vol. 6 No. 1, 2014, pp. 19-26. doi: 10.4236/eng.2014.61004.

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