Post-traumatic stress disorder among homeless adults in Poland: Prevalence and predictors


BACKGROUND: Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) have often been found in studies on homeless people, due to high rates of traumatic experiences. Most research on homelessness has been conducted in North America and Western Europe. However there are many social and cultural factors which can impact the prevalence and number of PTSD symptoms. AIMS: This study sought to determine the prevalence and predictors of trauma and PTSD symptoms among homeless adults in an Eastern European nation (Poland). METHOD: Randomly chosen residents of shelters were interviewed (N = 200). The respondents were asked about symptoms of PTSD, alcohol abuse/dependence, depression symptoms and perceived social support. RESULTS: The data indicated that 30% of the homeless sample were victims of traumatic events, 22% showed at least one PTSD symptom, and 7% met criteria for a lifetime diagnosis of PTSD. Symptoms of PTSD were the most common among those who had symptoms of alcohol abuse/ dependence and depression. CONCLUSION: The study’s findings support the need to attend to mental disorders such as PTSD when addressing the array of needs of homeless people.

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Bokszczanin, A. , Toro, P. , Hobden, K. and Tompsett, C. (2014) Post-traumatic stress disorder among homeless adults in Poland: Prevalence and predictors. Open Journal of Psychiatry, 4, 9-15. doi: 10.4236/ojpsych.2014.41003.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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