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Maximizing Agricultural Residues: Nutritional Properties of Straw Mushroom on Maize Husk, Waste Cotton and Plantain Leaves

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DOI: 10.4236/nr.2013.48064    4,133 Downloads   6,167 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The straw mushroom, Volvariella volvacea (Bulliard ex Fries) Singer, (V. volvacea), a tropical and sub-tropical mushroom is an invaluable vegetable. Nutritional properties of straw mushrooms grown on plantain leaves, maize husk and waste cotton were investigated. Aim: The aim of this study was to recommend these agro-wastes for mushroom production by farmers instead of relying solely on seasonal wild hunting, and to promote consumption of the mushroom. Method: Ten percent (10%) of the mushrooms spawn was used to inoculate 500 g of each substrate in plastic baskets. Mushrooms were harvested after twenty days of incubation followed by proximate analysis of the fruiting bodies. Results: Results indicated that the fruiting bodies harvested from the substrates varied significantly (P < 0.05) in carbohydrate, protein, ash and fiber percentage, with maize having the highest value. However, no significant difference was observed in moisture and lipid content. Mushrooms grown on maize substrate showed better nutritional properties compared with other substrates. Conclusion: These agro wastes are recommended for production of V. volvacea.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

O. Adedokun and A. Akuma, "Maximizing Agricultural Residues: Nutritional Properties of Straw Mushroom on Maize Husk, Waste Cotton and Plantain Leaves," Natural Resources, Vol. 4 No. 8, 2013, pp. 534-537. doi: 10.4236/nr.2013.48064.

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