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Electron Confinement Effect of Laser Dyes within Dendritic Structures

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DOI: 10.4236/jeas.2011.11001    5,013 Downloads   9,893 Views  

ABSTRACT

Dendrimers are a novel class of nanometric-size macromolecules with a regular tree-dimensional like array of branch units.1,2 Their synthetic availability in a wide range of sizes combined with their peculiar architecture makes them versatile building blocks for a wide range of potential applications.3 Some years ago, Meijer and co-workers reported that the modification of terminal amine functionalities of a fifth generation poly(propyleneimine) dendrimer (DAB-dendr-(NH2)64) with bulky substituents, (typically N-t-BOC protected phenylalanine), results in the formation of the so-called “dendritic box” (DAB-dendr-(NH-t-BOC-L-Phe)64).4 Within this macromolecular structure it is possible to encapsulate a variety of guest molecules due to the existence of internal cavities in the core. The photophysical properties of the guests can be modulated by the innovative electron confinement effect. In this respect, we wish to report that the emission frequency of organic dyes can be easily modulated by encapsulation in a dendritic box. The emission bands of dye molecules incorporated into a dendrimer can effectively be red shifted with respect to their emission in solution and contrary to other confined spaces of considerable hardness, the magnitude of this shifting can be regulated under appropriate experimental conditions. This peculiar effect could have unprecedented applications in the development of supramolecular devices relating to the frequency tuning of organic laser dyes.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

F. Márquez and M. Sabater, "Electron Confinement Effect of Laser Dyes within Dendritic Structures," Journal of Encapsulation and Adsorption Sciences, Vol. 1 No. 1, 2011, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.4236/jeas.2011.11001.

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