Development of Geotourism in Kutch Region, Gujarat, India: An Innovative Approach


Geotourism in Kutch has an exemplary potential of being designated as a site for perfect establishment of a National Geopark. The paper is aimed to describe the geological significance of the sites with basic concept of creation of geoparks and promote geotourism. The financial, infrastructural aspects, deliverables to the society are presented primarily focusing on the local economic and sustainable development of Kutch. The need for development of infrastructure for geotourism is urgently required as the rare geological heritage of Kutch region is eroding and being destroyed due to manmade activities.

Share and Cite:

K. Swarna, S. Biswas and T. Harinarayana, "Development of Geotourism in Kutch Region, Gujarat, India: An Innovative Approach," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 12, 2013, pp. 1360-1372. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.412157.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Wikipedia.
[2] Global Geotourism Blogspot.
[3] National Geographic.
[4] S. K. Biswas, “The Miliolite Rocks of Kutch and Kathiawar (Western India),” Sedimentary Geology, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1971, pp. 147-164.
[5] G. Sen, M. Bizimis, R. Das, D. K. Paul, A. Ray and S. K. Biswas, “Deccan Plume, Lithosphere Rifting, and Volcanism in Kutch, India,” Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 277, No. 1-2, 2009, pp. 101-111.
[6] S. K. Biswas and S. V. Deshpande, “The Basement of the Mesozoic Sediments of Kutch, Western India,” Bulletin of Geology, Mining & Metallurgical Society of India, Vol. 40, 1968, pp. 1-7.
[7] S. K. Biswas, “Structure of Kutch-Kathiawar Region, Western India,” Proceedings of the 3rd Indian Geological Congress, Pune, 1980, pp. 255-272.
[8] S. K. Biswas, “A Review of Structure and Tectonics of Kutch Basin, Western India, with Special Reference to Earthquakes,” Current Science, Vol. 88, No. 10, 2005, pp. 1592-1600.
[9] S. B. Shukla, “Late Quaternary Morphodynamic Evolution of the Northern Coast of Gulf of Kachchh Gujarat Western India,” Thesis, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, 2011.
[10] Dinosaur Fossil Image, Web, 2013.
[11] Directorate General of Hydrocarbons.
[12] Google Earth pro v7.0 2013. Kala Dunger, Kutch 23°55'59.59"N, 69°48'49.33"E, Elevation 406 Meters, 3D Buildings Data Layer.
[13] Dhinodhar Hill Rocks Image, WEB, 2013.
[14] Google Earth pro v7.0 2012. Jumara, Kutch 23°41.735’N, 69°4.186’E, ele 15m, 3D Buildings Data Layer.
[15] A. Talib and K. N. Gaur, “Affinities and Palaeobiogeographic Implications of Middle to Late Jurassic Foraminifera from Jumara Hill, Kutch, India,” Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Palaontologie Abhandlungen, Vol. 247, No. 3, 2008, pp. 313-323.
[16] Google Earth pro v7.0 2013. Jara, Kutch 23°42.904'N, 68°58.384'E, ele 58m, 3D Buildings Data Layer.
[17] B. G. Desai and S. J. Patel, “Upper Callovian-Middle Oxfordian Belemnite Assemblage from Jara Dome, Western Kachchh,” Journal Geological Society of India, Vol. 74, No. 3, 2009, pp. 343-356.
[18] Google Earth pro v7.0 2011. Ukra, Kutch 23°45.510'N, 68°51.440'E, ele 83m, 3D Buildings Data Layer.
[19] National Working Group of Geological Survey of India, “Palaeoclimate in Asia during the Cretaceous—Their Variations, Causes and Biotic and Environmental Responses,” Geological Survey of India, Kolkata, 2006.
[20] B. K. Samanta, “Middle Eocene Planktonic Foraminifera from Lakhpat, Cutch, Western India,” The Micropaleontology Project, Inc., New York, 1970.
[21] J. Rai, V. P. Mishra, A. Sahni, A. Singh and F. J. Vega, “On Some Paleogene and Neogene Crabs of Kachchh, Western India,” Bulletin of the Mizunami Fossil Museum, Vol. 39, 2013, pp. 39-45.
[22] M. A. Sonar and S. G. Gaikwad, “Fossil Steginoporellid (Cheilostomata: Neocheilostomina), Bryozoa from the Tertiary Sediments of Western Kachchh, Gujarat, India,” Journal of Earth System Science, Vol. 122, No. 1, 2013, pp. 149-161.
[23] Limestone Formations Image, Web, 2013.
[24] Lakhpat limestone Image, Web, 2013.
[25] S. K. Biswas, “Tertiary Stratigraphy of Kutch,” Journal of the Paleontological Society of India, Vol. 37, 1992, pp. 1-29.
[26] D. K. Pandey and F. T. Fürsich, “Distribution and Succession of Jurassic Rocks in Gora Dongar, Pachchham ‘Island’, Kachchh, India,” Journal Geological Society of India, Vol. 51, 1998, pp. 331-344.,Fuersich,1998.pdf
[27] N. T. Farsani, C. Coelho, C. Costa and C. N. Carvalho, “Geoparks & Geotourism: New Approaches to Sustainability for the 21st Century,” Brown Walker Press, Florida, 2011.
[28] Ministry of Tourism, GoI, “India Tourism Statistics at a Glance,” 2011.
[29] Gujarat CM Website.
[30] Ministry of Tourism, GoI, “12th Five Year Plan,” 2012.
[31] “Kutch, Gujarat” Map. Google Maps, Web, 2013.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.