Lagrangian Relaxation-Based Unit Commitment Considering Fast Response Reserve Constraints


Unit commitment (UC) is to determine the optimal unit status and generation level during each time interval of the scheduled period. The purpose of UC is to minimize the total generation cost while satisfying system demand, reserve requirements, and unit constraints. Among the UC constraints, an adequate provision of reserve is important to ensure the security of power system and the fast-response reserve is essential to bring system frequency back to acceptable level following the loss of an online unit within a few seconds. In this paper, the authors present and solve a UC problem including the frequency-based reserve constraints to determine the optimal FRR requirements and unit MW schedules. The UC problem is solved by using Lagrangian Relaxation-based approach and compared with the actual system schedules. It is observed that favorable reserve and unit MW schedules are obtained by the proposed method while the system security is maintained.

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C. S. Chuang and G. W. Chang, "Lagrangian Relaxation-Based Unit Commitment Considering Fast Response Reserve Constraints," Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 5 No. 4B, 2013, pp. 970-974. doi: 10.4236/epe.2013.54B186.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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