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3-D Modelling of the Confederation Bridge Using Data of Full Scale Tests

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DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2013.33B004    7,125 Downloads   9,736 Views  
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ABSTRACT

Long-span bridges are special structures that require advanced analysis techniques to examine their performance. This paper presents a procedure developed to model the Confederation Bridge using 3-D beam elements. The model was validated using the data collected before the opening of the bridge to the public. The bridge was instrumented to conduct fullscale static and dynamic tests. The static tests were to measure the deflection of the bridge pier while the dynamic tests to measure the free vibrations of the pier due to a sudden release of the static load. Confederation Bridge is one of the longest reinforced concrete bridges in the world. It connects the province of Prince Edward Island and the province of New Brunswick in Canada. Due to its strategic location and vital role as a transportation link between these two provinces, it was designed using higher safety factors than those for typical highway bridges. After validating the present numerical model, a procedure was developed to evaluate the performance of similar bridges subjected to traffic and seismic loads. It is of interest to note that the foundation stiffness and the modulus of elasticity of the concrete have significant effects on the structural responses of the Confederation Bridge.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

L. Lin, "3-D Modelling of the Confederation Bridge Using Data of Full Scale Tests," Open Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 3 No. 3B, 2013, pp. 18-25. doi: 10.4236/ojce.2013.33B004.

References

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