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Handgrip strength and falls in community-dwelling Egyptian seniors

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DOI: 10.4236/aar.2013.24016    4,998 Downloads   9,729 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To establish a relationship between falls and handgrip strength (GS) in communitydwelling senior citizens in Egypt. Subjects: Crosssectional study enrolling 132 subjects, all ≥60 years old. Materials and Methods: History of falls in the past year and their number as well as GS measurement in both hands using Baseline? pneumatic squeeze handheld dynamometer. Results: There is a highly significant difference between the GS of fallers and non-fallers in both hands (P = 0.000). There is a highly significant negative correlation between the mean GS and the number of falls (P = 0.003). There is a highly significant positive correlation between GS of the right hand with the number of falls (R = 0.226, P = 0.009), as for the correlation with the left GS it was a weaker positive correlation (R = 0.209, P = 0.16). Conclusion: Seniors with history of falls have a lower GS in both dominant and nondominant hands and it is directly related to the number of falls. GS is decreased in senior fallers even if within the normal range.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Wahba, H. , Abdul-Rahman, S. and Mortagy, A. (2013) Handgrip strength and falls in community-dwelling Egyptian seniors. Advances in Aging Research, 2, 109-114. doi: 10.4236/aar.2013.24016.

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