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Polyphenols, Ascorbic Acid and Carotenoids Contents and Antioxidant Properties of Habanero Pepper (Capsicum chinense) Fruit

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DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.48A006    5,147 Downloads   8,143 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Their high bioactive compounds content and importance as dietary antioxidants has increased interest in Capsicum fruit. The fruit of seven Capsicum chinense Jacq. var. habanero genotypes grown in Yucatan, Mexico, were analyzed to quantify their phenolic compounds, carotenoids and ascorbic acid contents, and to measure their free radical scavenging (ABTS assay) and antioxidant activities (β-carotene/linoleic acid assay). Phenolics (20.54 to 20.75 mg/100 g sample), carotenoids (1.00 to 1.26 mg/100 g sample) and ascorbic acid contents (187.24 to 281.73 mg/100 g sample) varied between genotypes. Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) ranged from 1.55 to 3.23 mM/mg sample. During the 120-min decolorization trial, antioxidant capacity decreased over time in the studied genotypes. Values ranged from 36%to 57% β-carotene bleaching during the first 30 minutes. Fruit from all seven studied genotypes are good antioxidant sources and hold promise as natural ingredients in functional foods.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Campos, K. Gómez, Y. Ordoñez and D. Ancona, "Polyphenols, Ascorbic Acid and Carotenoids Contents and Antioxidant Properties of Habanero Pepper (Capsicum chinense) Fruit," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 8A, 2013, pp. 47-54. doi: 10.4236/fns.2013.48A006.

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