Linking Numerical Water Quality Models in an Environmental Information System for Integrated Environmental Assessments

DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.47A015   PDF   HTML     3,912 Downloads   5,828 Views   Citations


Decision makers involved in prevention of water contamination often lack the technical knowledge of water quality evaluation or the comprehension of complex software for environmental information management required to make effective decisions. Providing information about the environment is not an easy task due to its complex structure, relationships, and dynamic processes. Because environmental models play an important role in environmental decision support systems, the integration of models into user-friendly integrated information systems is a key factor in the support of such users. This paper presents an environmental information system which supports water protection of Coatzacoalcos River in Mexico, having as a main building block water quality assessments supported by mathematical modeling through the two-dimensional Saint Venant and Advection-Diffusion-Reaction equations to calculate the river hydrodynamics and the contaminant transport, respectively. The mathematical modeling solution yields appropriate results representing the river contaminant distribution when compared with field measurements. But the direct use of these models by decision makers is difficult at best, meaning they are not likely to be used in making practical decisions. The system described in this paper integrates these models, and several other tools, into a seamless, user-centered application, improving model usability, initial configuration, and results visualization.

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F. Torres-Bejarano, H. Ramirez, R. Denzer, S. Frysinger, T. Hell and S. Schlobinski, "Linking Numerical Water Quality Models in an Environmental Information System for Integrated Environmental Assessments," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 7A, 2013, pp. 126-137. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.47A015.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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