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Genetics of a sex-linked recessive red eye color mutant of the tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris

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DOI: 10.4236/ojas.2013.32A001    5,007 Downloads   7,250 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

An inbred colony of the tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois) (Miridae: Hemiptera), was observed to contain specimens with abnormal traits including red eyes, deformed antennae, and deformed legs. These specimens were isolated and back crossed to create stable phenotypic strains. The only successful strain established was a red eyed strain named Cardinal. The trait was more prevalent and stable in males, suggesting that it could be sex linked. To test the hypothesis that the trait was based on a recessive sex linked allele, classical genetic crosses were performed. The hypothesis was confirmed, and the eye color phenotype was measured and characterized using color analysis software. The trait is similar to other red eyed phenotypes described in this species, but is clearly based on a different mutation since it is sex linked rather than autosomal. The results of crossing experiments also suggest that inbreeding in this species results in substantial fitness cost to laboratory insects.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Allen, M. (2013) Genetics of a sex-linked recessive red eye color mutant of the tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, 3, 1-9. doi: 10.4236/ojas.2013.32A001.

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