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On a New Equation for Critical Current Density Directly in Terms of the BCS Interaction Parameter, Debye Temperature and the Fermi Energy of the Superconductor ()

Recasting the BCS theory in the larger framework of the Bethe-Salpeter equation, a new equation is derived for the temperature-dependent critical current density *j _{c}*(

*T*) of an elemental superconductor (SC) directly in terms of the basic parameters of the theory, namely the dimensionless coupling constant [N(0)V], the Debye temperature

*θ*and, additionally, the Fermi energy

_{D}*E*—unlike earlier such equations based on diverse, indirect criteria. Our approach provides an

_{F}*ab initio*theoretical justification for one of the latter, text book equations invoked at

*T*= 0 which involves Fermi momentum; additionally, it relates

*j*with the relevant parameters of the problem at

_{c}*T*≠ 0. Noting that the numerical value of

*E*of a high-

_{F}*T*SC is a necessary input for the construction of its Fermi surface—which sheds light on its gap-structure, we also briefly discuss extension of our approach for such SCs.

_{c}

Keywords

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*World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics*, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 103-110. doi: 10.4236/wjcmp.2013.32017.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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