Discuss the Properties of Structural Steel and Applications of Waste Concrete from Post-Earthquake Investigations


This work proposes two aspects about construction materials abased on Wenchuan post-earthquake investigations. According to different feature failure modes in various damaged structures and the cause of the damage to the effects of the loading during the ground motion, the structural failures were found related to low cycle fatigue (LCF) properties of building steel. The hitherto research development is presented briefly. The characters of cycle response of the steels are tested and discussed. During the post-earthquake reconstruction process, the disposal of huge quantities of earthquake demolition waste brought great challenges. Utilizing the waste concrete taken from earthquake-stricken area as recycled coarse aggregate (RCA) in the new concrete is conducted. Furthermore, the application perspective of RCA is discussed.

Share and Cite:

X. Shi, Q. Wang and Y. Luo, "Discuss the Properties of Structural Steel and Applications of Waste Concrete from Post-Earthquake Investigations," Open Journal of Earthquake Research, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2013, pp. 32-37. doi: 10.4236/ojer.2013.22004.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] X. S. Shi, Q.-Y. Wang, C.-C. Qiu and X.-L. Zhao, “Recy- cling Construction and Demolition Waste as Sustainable Environmental Management in Post-Earthquake Recon- struction,” 4th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, Chengdu, 18-20 June, 2010, pp. 18-20.
[2] J. Z. Xiao, H. Xie and C. Q. Wang, “Statistical Analysis on Building Waste in Wenchuan Earthquake-Hit Area,” Journal of Sichuan Univeristy (Engineering Science Edition), Vol. 42, No. 41, 2009, pp. 188-194.
[3] S. H. Gong and G. M. Sheng, “Effects of Toughness of Steel on Seismic Performance of Building Structures,” Earthquake Resistant Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2004, pp. 41-47.
[4] T. Nishimura and C. Miki, “Strain Controlled Low Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Structural Steels,” Proceedings of the Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 279, No. 1, 1978, pp. 29-44.
[5] K. Shimada, J. Komotori and M. Shimizu, “The Application of the Manson-Coffin Law and Miner’s Law to Extremely Low Cycle Fatigue,” Journal of Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Vol. 53, No. 491, 1987, pp. 1178- 1185. doi:10.1299/kikaia.53.1178
[6] K. Masatoshi, “Extremely Low Cycle Fatigue Life Prediction Based on a New Cumulative Fatigue Damage Model,” International Journal of Fatigue, Vol. 24, No. 6, 2001, pp. 699-703.
[7] J. B. Mander, F. D. Panthaki and A. Kasalanati, “Low-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Reinforcing Steel,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1994, pp. 453-468. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(1994)6:4(453)
[8] W. C. Liu, Z. Liang and G. C. Lee, “Low-Cycle Bending-Fatigue Strength of Steel Bars under Random Excitation. Part I: Bahavior,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 131, No. 6, 2005, pp. 913-918.
[9] K. A. S. Susantha, T. Aoki and T. Kumano, “Applicability of Low Yield Strength Steel for Ductility Improvement of Steel Bridge Piers,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 27, No. 7, 2005, pp. 1064-1073. doi:10.1016/j.engstruct.2005.02.005
[10] I. Gull, “Testing of Strength of Recycled Waste Concrete and Its Applicability,” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management-ACSE, Vol. 137, No. 1, 2011, pp. 1-5. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000255
[11] R. J. Wang and D. J. Yang, “Experimental Research on Compressive Strength and Elastic Modulus of Recycled Concrete,” International Conference on Civil Engineering, Baoding, 19-20 July 2010, pp. 791-795.
[12] V. Corinaldesi, “Mechanical and Elastic Behaviour of Concretes Made of Recycled-Concrete Coarse Aggregates,” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 24, No. 9, 2010, pp. 1616-1620. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.02.031
[13] J. Z. Xiao, J. D. Huang and M. Wei, “Study on Application of Recycled Aggregate Concrete in Sustainable Buildings,” Proceedings of International Conference of Technology of Architecture and Structure, Shanghai, 15-17 October 2009, pp. 753-764.
[14] K. H. Obla and H. Kim, “Sustainable Concrete through Reuse of Crushed Returned Concrete,” Transportation Research Record, Vol. 2113, No. 14, 2009, pp. 114-121. doi:10.3141/2113-14
[15] G. Durmus, O. Simsek and M. Dayi, “The Effects of Coarse Recycled Concrete Aggregates on Concrete Properties,” Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, Vol. 24, No. 1, 2009, pp. 183-189.
[16] Z. L. Cui, M. Kitatsuji and R. Tanaka, “The Experimental Research on Durability of Recycled Aggregate Concrete,” Proceeding of International Disaster and Risk Conference, Chengdu, 13-15 July 2009, pp. 449-452.
[17] X. S. Shi, Q.-Y. Wang, C.-C. Qiu and X.-L. Zhao, “Experimental Study on the Properties of Recycled Aggregate Concrete with Different Replacement Ratios from Earthquake-Stricken Area,” Sichuan Daxue Xuebao (Engineering Science Edition), Vol. 42, Supp. 1, 2010, pp. 170-176.
[18] T. C. Hansen, “Recycled Aggregate Concrete Sencond State-Of-Art Report Developments 1945-1985,” Material and Structure, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1986, pp. 201-246. doi:10.1007/BF02472036
[19] X. S. Shi, F. G. Collins, X. L. zhao and Q. Y. Wang, “Experimental Study on Geopolymeric Recycled Concrete Using as Sustainable Construction Material,” Proceeding of International Conference on Advances in Construction Materials through Science and Engineering, Hong Kong SAR, 2011, pp. 186-194.
[20] X. S. Shi, Q. Y. Wang, C. C. Qiu and X. L. Zhao, “Mechanical Properties of Recycled Concrete Filled Steel Tubes and Double Skin Tubes,” 2nd International Conference on Waste Engineering Management, Shanghai, 13-15 October 2010, pp. 559-567.
[21] Y. F. Yang and L. H. Han, “Experimental Behaviour of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Columns,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 62, No. 12, 2006, pp. 1310-1324. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2006.02.010

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.