Relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and traditional Chinese constitution in subjects with high-normal blood pressure


Objective: We explored the relationship between traditional Chinese constitution and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in subjects with high-normal blood pressure (BP). Methods: The traditional Chinese constitution of 80 subjects with high-normal BP was judged by questionnaires and interviews. Measurements of cardiovascular and metabolic health in- cluded BP, body weight, body mass index (BMI), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT2h), and waist cir- cumference. Statistical relationships between cardiovascular disease risk factors and specific Chinese constitution were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: Ping He, Tan Shi, and Yin Xu were the dominant constitutions in subjects with high-normal blood pressure. There were significant differences in weight, LDL-C, BMI, OGTT2h, and waist circumference between Tan Shi and Ping He (P < 0.01), in SBP and OGTT2h between Yin Xu and Ping He (P < 0.05), and weight, BMI, waist circumference, SBP, and LDL-C between Tan Shi and Yin Xu constitutions (P < 0.01). Logistic regression found a strong association between the Tan Shi constitution and LDL-C in subjects with high-normal blood pressure. Conclusion: Ping He, Tan Shi, and Yin Xu are the principle traditional Chinese constitutions in subject with high-normal blood pressure. The Tan Shi constitution is associated with multiple risk factors for cardiovascular disease (LDL-C, BMI, body weight, and waist circumference), while OGTT2h is closely related to the Yin Xu constitution.

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Jiang, H. , Han, Y. , Li, R. , Zhou, S. , Liu, X. , Cui, C. , Chen, S. and Zhang, W. (2013) Relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and traditional Chinese constitution in subjects with high-normal blood pressure. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 3, 234-238. doi: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.32036.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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