Share This Article:

Cognitive coping strategies, emotional distress and quality of life in mothers of children with ASD and ADHD—A comparative study in a Romanian population sample

Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:177KB) PP. 11-17
DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.32A003    5,581 Downloads   8,941 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The Quality of Life (QoL) represents a dimension of the overall status and of the wellbeing that might be influenced by various factors. Mothers’ emotional and behavioral reactions, when having a child with diagnosis of mental disorder, are different depending on the emotional distress and cognitive coping strategies used. The aim of this study was to assess the cognitive coping strategies, emotional distress and the relationship between them and the quality of life in mothers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) compared to mothers of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD). Data were collected from 114 mothers of children with diagnosis of ASD or ADHD. Different psychological measurements have been used in order to assess the quality of life (Family Quality of Life Survey) cognitive coping strategies (Cognitive-Emotional Regulation Questionnaire) and emotional distress (Profile of Affective Distress) of the parents. For QOL and emotional distress, we didn’t find significant differences between the two groups. The coping strategies of the mothers of children with ASD that significantly correlated with the overall assessment of the family quality were: positive refocusing, positive reevaluation and catastrophizing. The results suggest that the use of adaptive coping strategies correlates with a higher family quality of life, while for the maladaptive ones, the relationship is reversed.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Predescu, E. and Şipoş, R. (2013) Cognitive coping strategies, emotional distress and quality of life in mothers of children with ASD and ADHD—A comparative study in a Romanian population sample. Open Journal of Psychiatry, 3, 11-17. doi: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.32A003.

References

[1] Tsay, L.Y. (2004) Autistic disorder. In: Wiener, J.M. and Dulcan, M.K., Eds., Textbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, American Psychiatric Publishing, Washington, 261, 264, 268-273.
[2] Faraone, S.V. (2010) How persistent is ADHD? A controlled 10-year follow-up study of boys with ADHD. Psychiatry Research, 177, 299-304. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2009.12.010
[3] Fombonne, E. (2009) Epidemiology of pervasive developmental disorders. Pediatric Research, 65, 591-598. doi:10.1203/PDR.0b013e31819e7203
[4] Polanczyk, G., de Lima, M.S., Horta, B.L., Biederman, J. and Rohde, L.A. (2007) The worldwide prevalence of ADHD: A systematic review and metaregression analysis. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 164, 942-948. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.164.6.942
[5] Lee, L., Harrington, R.A., Louie, B.B. and Newschaffer, C.J. (2008) Children with autism: Quality of life and parental concerns. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 1147-1160. doi:10.1007/s10803-007-0491-0
[6] Cummins, R.A. (2005) Moving from the quality of life concept to a theory. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49, 699-706. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2005.00738.x
[7] Verdugo, M.A., Schalock, R.L., Keith, K.D. and Stancliffe, R.J. (2005) Quality of life and its measurement: Important principles and guidelines. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49, 707-717. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2005.00739.x
[8] Kuhlthau, K., Orlich, F., Hall, T.A., Sikora, D., Kovacs, E.A., Delahaye, J. and Clemons, T.E. (2010) Health-related quality of life in children with autism spectrum disorders: Results from the autism treatment network. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 721-729. doi:10.1007/s10803-009-0921-2
[9] Khanna, R., Madhavan, S.S., Smith, M.J., Patrick, J.H., Tworek, C. and Becker-Cottrill, B. (2011) Assessment of health-related quality of life among primary caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 1214-1227. doi:10.1007/s10803-010-1140-6
[10] Meirsschaut, M., Roeyers, H. and Warreyn, P. (2010) Parenting in families with a child with autism spectrum disorder and a typically developing child: Mothers’ experiences and cognitions. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4, 661-669. doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2010.01.002
[11] Hayes, S.A. and Watson, S.L. (2013) The impact of parenting stress: A meta-analysis of studies comparing the experience of parenting stress in parents of children with and without autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43, 629. doi:10.1007/s10803-012-1604-y
[12] Cappe, E. (2012) Effect of social and school inclusion on adjustment and quality of life of parents with a child having an autism spectrum disorder. Annales Medico-Psychologiques, 170, 471-475. doi:10.1016/j.amp.2012.06.015
[13] Karst, J.S. and Van Hecke, A.V. (2012) Parent and family impact of autism spectrum disorders: A review and proposed model for intervention evaluation. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 15, 247-277. doi:10.1007/s10567-012-0119-6
[14] Osborne, L.A., McHugh, L., Saunders, J. and Reed, P. (2008) Parenting stress reduces the effectiveness of early teaching interventions for autistic spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 1092-1103. doi:10.1007/s10803-007-0497-7
[15] Garnefski, N., Kraaij, V. and Spinhoven, P. (2001) Negative life events, cognitive emotion regulation and emotional problems. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 1311-1327. doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00113-6
[16] Pottie, C. and Ingram, K. (2008) Daily stress, coping, and well-being in parents of children with autism: A multilevel modeling approach. Journal of Family Psychology, 22, 855-864. doi:10.1037 /a0013604
[17] Weiss, J.A., Cappadocia, M.C., MacMullin, J.A., Viecili, M. and Lunsky, Y. (2012) The impact of child problem behaviors of children with ASD on parent mental health: The mediating role of acceptance and empowerment. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 16, 261-274. doi:10.1177/1362361311422708
[18] Altiere, M.J. and von Kluge, S. (2009) Family functioning and coping behaviors in parents of children with autism. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 18, 83-92. doi:10.1007/s10826-008-9209-y
[19] Pisula, E. and Kossakowska, Z. (2010) Sense of coherence and coping with stress among mothers and fathers of children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 1485-1494. doi:10.1007/s10803-010-1001-3
[20] Benson, P.R. (2010) Coping, distress, and well-being in mothers of children with autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4, 217-228. doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2009.09.008
[21] Stuart, M. and McGrew, J.H. (2009) Caregiver burden after receiving a diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorder, 3, 86-97. doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2008.04.006
[22] Cappe, E., Wolff, M., Bobet, R. and Adrien, J. (2011) Quality of life: A key variable to consider in the evaluation of adjustment in parents of children with autism spectrum disorders and in the development of relevant support and assistance programmes. Quality of Life Research, 20, 1279-1294. doi:10.1007/s11136-011-9861-3
[23] Hastings, R.P., Kovshoff, H., Brown, T., Ward, N.J., Espinosa, F.D. and Remington, B. (2005) Coping strategies in mothers and fathers of preschool and school-age children with autism. Autism, 9, 377-391. doi:10.1177/1362361305056078
[24] Spira, E.G. and Fischel, J.E. (2005) The impact of preschool inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity on social and academic development: A review. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 46, 755-773. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.01466.x
[25] Strine, T.W., Lesesne, C.A., Okoro, C.A., McGuire, L.C., Chapman, D.P. and Balluz, L.S. (2006) Emotional and behavioral difficulties and impairments in everyday functioning among children with a history of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Preventing Chronic Disease, 3, A52.
[26] Sipos, R., Predescu, E., Muresan, G. and Iftene, F. (2012) The evaluation of family quality of life of children with autism spectrum disorder and attention deficit hyperactive disorder. Applied Medical Informatics, 30, 1-8.
[27] Isaacs, B.J., Brown, I., Brown, R.I., Baum, N., Myerscough, T., Neikrug, S., Roth, D., Shearer, J. and Wang, M. (2007) The international family quality of life project: Goals and description of a survey tool. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 4, 177-185. doi:10.1111/j.1741-1130.2007.00116.x
[28] Brown, I. (2008) Comparison of trends in eight countries. Inspire, Muki Baum Treatmment Centres, 2, 9-13.
[29] Garnefski, N., van den Kommer, T., Kraaij, V., Teerds, J., Legerstee, J. and Onstein, E. (2002) The relationship between cognitive emotion regulation strategies and emotional problems. European Journal of Personality, 16, 403-420. doi:10.1002/per.458
[30] Opris, D. and Macavei, B. (2007) The profile of emotional distress; norms for the romanian population. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies, 7, 139-157.
[31] Brereton, A.V., Tonge, B.J. and Einfeld, S.L. (2006) Psychopathology in children and adolescents with autism compared to young people with intellectual disability. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 863-870. doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0125-y
[32] van der Veek, S., Kraaij, V. and Garnefski, N. (2009) Cognitive coping strategies and stress in parents of children with down syndrome: A prospective study. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 47, 295-306. doi:10.1352/1934-9556-47.4.295
[33] Smith, L.E., Seltzer, M.M., Tager-Flusberg, H., Greenberg, J.S. and Carter, A.S. (2008) A comparative analysis of well-being and coping among mothers of toddlers and mothers of adolescents with ASD. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 876-889. doi:10.1007/s10803-007-0461-6

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.