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Genetic Analysis of Leucine Content in Indica-Japonica Hybrid Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2010.11003    3,552 Downloads   7,150 Views  

ABSTRACT

Genetic control of leucine content in indica-japonica hybrid rice (Oryza sativa L.) was studied in 35 crosses of F1 and F2 generations, which were derived from crossing 7 male sterile indica rice lines with 5 restorer japonica rice lines along with their parents. Two genetic models and their corresponding statistical methods for quantitative traits of triploid seeds in cereal crops were used for the analysis. The first was the unconditional genetic model, which refers to the analysis of cumulative measurements (from flowering to a specific time) along the developmental stages, while the second was the conditional genetic model, which relates to analysis from one developmental stage to another stage (t - 1→t). The results showed that leucine content of indica-japonica hybrid rice was controlled by the expression of triploid endosperm effect (endosperm additive effect and endosperm dominant effect), cytoplasm effect, diploid maternal plant effect (maternal additive effect and maternal dominant effect) and their environmental interaction effects. Of these effects, endosperm dominant effect and maternal dominant effect were more important at the earlier stages, while endosperm additive effect and maternal additive effect were more important at the later stages of rice grain development under both unconditional and conditional genetic analyses. Due to the high heritabilities, which came from endosperm, maternal and cytoplasm effects for leucine content at different developmental stages, selection for leucine content of indica-japonica hybrid rice would be more efficient at early generations in breeding programs.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

X. Zhang, C. Shi, J. Wu, S. Ye, G. Bao and W. Yan, "Genetic Analysis of Leucine Content in Indica-Japonica Hybrid Rice (Oryza sativa L.)," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 1 No. 1, 2010, pp. 17-23. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2010.11003.

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