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Effects of a rumen protected B vitamin blend upon milk production and component yield in lactating dairy cows

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DOI: 10.4236/ojas.2013.31011    4,503 Downloads   7,634 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Results from 12 switchback field trials involving 1216 cows were combined to assess the effects of a protected B vitamin blend (BVB) upon milk yield (kg), fat percentage (%), protein %, fat yield (kg) and protein yield (kg) in primiparous and multiparous cows. Trials consisted of 3 test periods executed in the order control-test-control. No diet changes other than the inclusion of 3 grams/cow/ day of the BVB during the test period occurred. Means from the two control periods were compared to results obtained during the test period using a paired T test. Cows include in the analysis were between 45 and 300 days in milk (DIM) at the start of the experiment and were continuously available for all periods. The provision of the BVB resulted in increased (P < 0.05) milk, fat %, protein %, fat yield and protein yield. Regression models showed that the amount of milk produced had no effect upon the magnitude of the increase in milk components. The increase in milk was greatest in early lactation and declined with DIM. Protein and fat % increased with DIM in mature cows, but not in first lactation cows. Differences in fat yields between test and control feeding periods did not change with DIM, but the improvement in protein yield in mature cows declined with DIM. These results indicate that the BVB provided economically important advantages throughout lactation, but expected results would vary with cow age and stage of lactation.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Evans, E. and Mair, D. (2013) Effects of a rumen protected B vitamin blend upon milk production and component yield in lactating dairy cows. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, 3, 76-82. doi: 10.4236/ojas.2013.31011.

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