Associations between Mother’s BMI, Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Availability, and Child’s Body Shape as Reported by Women Responding to an Annual Survey

DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.312214   PDF   HTML     4,033 Downloads   5,776 Views  

Abstract

Previous evidence indicates that a child’s body mass index (BMI) and eating behaviors are often related to the BMI and eating behaviors of his/her parents. Additionally, there is evidence suggesting that fruit and vegetable intake may impart weight control benefits. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between mother’s BMI and the intake/availability of fruits and vegetables in the home, as well as mother’s perceived body shape of her child. This is a cross sectional, descriptive analysis of results from a large internet-based survey of Generation X and Y mothers evaluating the role of fruit and vegetable consumption and health behaviors in US families. Mothers (n = 1469) with children under the age of 18 living in the home reported her BMI, her fruit and vegetable intake, and fruit and vegetable availability in the home. Additionally, mothers with children between the ages of 2 and 12 (n = 1177) reported her child’s body shape (using graduated images of children ranging from the 3rd - 97th percentiles of BMI). Mother’s BMI was not related to fruit or vegetable intake, though it was inversely related to fruit, but not vegetable, availability in the home. Mother’s BMI was also positively related to child’s body shape, and mother’s fruit, but not vegetable, intake was inversely related to child’s body shape. Our findings support a potential role for fruit availability promoting healthy BMI in mothers and/or healthier body shape in their children.

Share and Cite:

C. Dow, B. Wertheim, E. Pivonka and C. Thomson, "Associations between Mother’s BMI, Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Availability, and Child’s Body Shape as Reported by Women Responding to an Annual Survey," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 12, 2012, pp. 1636-1643. doi: 10.4236/fns.2012.312214.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] D. S. Freedman, “Obesity—United States, 1988-2008,” MMWR Surveill Summ, Vol. 60, 2011, pp. 73-77.
[2] D. S. Ward, A. E. Vaughn, K. I. Bangdiwala, M. Campbell, D. J. Jones, A. T. Panter and J. Stevens, “Integrating a Family-Focused Approach into Child Obesity Prevention: Rationale and Design for the My Parenting Sos Study Randomized Control Trial,” BMC Public Health, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2011, p. 431.
[3] P. M. Anderson and K. E. Butcher, “Childhood Obesity: Trends and Potential Causes,” Future Child, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2006, pp. 19-45. doi:10.1353/foc.2006.0001
[4] A. H. Mokdad, B. A. Bowman, E. S. Ford, F. Vinicor, J. S. Marks and J. P. Koplan, “The Continuing Epidemics of Obesity and Diabetes in the United States,” JAMA, Vol. 286, No. 10, 2001, pp. 1195-200.
[5] F. Bianchini, R. Kaaks and H. Vainio, “Overweight, Obesity, and Cancer Risk,” The Lancet Oncology, Vol. 3, No. 9, 2002, pp. 565-74. doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(02)00849-5
[6] M. Bryant, J. Stevens, L. Wang, R. Tabak, J. Borja and M. E. Bentley, “Relationship between Home Fruit and Vegetable Availability and Infant and Maternal Dietary Intake in African-American Families: Evidence from the Exhaustive Home Food Inventory,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 111, No. 10, 2011, pp. 1491-1497. doi:10.1016/j.jada.2011.07.007
[7] L. Hall, C. E. Collins, P. J. Morgan, T. L. Burrows, D. R. Lubans and R. Callister, “Children’s Intake of Fruit and Selected Energy-Dense Nutrient-Poor Foods Is Associated with Fathers’ Intake,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 111, No. 7, 2011, pp. 1039-1044. doi:10.1016/j.jada.2011.04.008
[8] Healthy People 2020, “Healthy People 2020: Nutrition and Weight Status,” 2010. http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=29
[9] B. J. Rolls, J. A. Ello-Martin and B. C. Tohill, “What Can Intervention Studies Tell Us about the Relationship between Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Weight Management?” Nutrition Reviews, Vol. 62, No. 1, 2004, pp. 1-17. doi:10.1111/j.1753-4887.2004.tb00001.x
[10] K. He, F. B. Hu, G. A. Colditz, J. E. Manson, W. C. Willett and S. Liu, “Changes in Intake of Fruits and Vegetables in Relation to Risk of Obesity and Weight Gain among Middle-Aged Women,” International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, Vol. 28, No. 12, 2004, pp. 1569-1574. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0802795
[11] S. Alinia, O. Hels and I. Tetens, “The Potential Association between Fruit Intake and Body Weight—A Review,” Obesity Reviews, Vol. 10, No. 6, 2009, pp. 639-647. doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2009.00582.x
[12] N. Pearson, S. J. Biddle and T. Gorely, “Family Correlates of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review,” Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2009, pp. 267-283. doi:10.1017/S1368980008002589
[13] M. A. Beydoun and Y. Wang, “Parent-Child Dietary Intake Resemblance in the United States: Evidence from a Large Representative Survey,” Social Science & Medicine, Vol. 68, No. 12, 2009, pp. 2137-2144. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.03.029
[14] Y. Wang, M. A. Beydoun, J. Li, Y. Liu and L. A. Moreno, “Do Children and Their Parents Eat a Similar Diet? Resemblance in Child and Parental Dietary Intake: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, Vol. 65, No. 2, 2011, pp. 177-189. doi:10.1136/jech.2009.095901
[15] S. Scaglioni, M. Salvioni and C. Galimberti, “Influence of Parental Attitudes in the Development of Children Eating Behaviour,” British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 99, No. 1, 2008, pp. S22-S25.
[16] M. Rasmussen, R. Krolner, K. I. Klepp, L. Lytle, J. Brug, E. Bere and P. Due, “Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Children and Adolescents: A Review of the Literature. Part I: Quantitative Studies,” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 3, 2006, p. 22.
[17] H. Truby and S. J. Paxton, “Development of the Children’s Body Image Scale,” British Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 41, No. 2, 2002, pp. 185-203.
[18] B. C. Tohill, J. Seymour, M. Serdula, L. Kettel-Khan and B. J. Rolls, “What Epidemiologic Studies Tell Us about the Relationship between Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Body Weight,” Nutrition Reviews, Vol. 62, No. 10, 2004, pp. 365-374. doi:10.1111/j.1753-4887.2004.tb00007.x
[19] T. A. Ledoux, M. D. Hingle and T. Baranowski, “Relationship of Fruit and Vegetable Intake with Adiposity: A Systematic Review,” Obesity Reviews, Vol. 12, No. 5, 2011, pp. e143-e150. doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010.00786.x
[20] J. Pomerleau, K. Lock, C. Knai and M. McKee, “Interventions Designed to Increase Adult Fruit and Vegetable Intake Can Be Effective: A Systematic Review of the Literature,” Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 135, No. 10, 2005, pp. 2486-2495.
[21] K. W. Bauer, D. Neumark-Sztainer, J. A. Fulkerson, P. J. Hannan and M. Story, “Familial Correlates of Adolescent Girls’ Physical Activity, Television Use, Dietary Intake, Weight, and Body Composition,” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2011, p. 25.
[22] R. Jago, T. Baranowski and J. C. Baranowski, “Fruit and Vegetable Availability: A Micro Environmental Mediating Variable?” Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 10, No. 7, 2007, pp. 681-689. doi:10.1017/S1368980007441441
[23] B. H. Lin, “Higher Fruit Consumption Linked with Lower Body Mass Index,” Food Reviews, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2002, pp. 28-32.
[24] J. Saxton, C. Hill, P. Chadwick and J. Wardle, “Weight Status and Perceived Body Size in Children,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, Vol. 94, No. 12, 2009, pp. 944-949. doi:10.1136/adc.2009.162578
[25] C. Maffeis, G. Talamini and L. Tato, “Influence of Diet, Physical Activity and Parents’ Obesity on Children’s Adiposity: A Four-Year Longitudinal Study,” International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, Vol. 22, No. 8, 1998, pp. 758-764. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0800655
[26] C. Power, T. Pouliou, L. Li, R. Cooper and E. Hypponen, “Parental and Offspring Adiposity Associations: Insights from the 1958 British Birth Cohort,” Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 38, No. 4, 2011, pp. 390-399. doi:10.3109/03014460.2011.591827
[27] E. L. Gibson, J. Wardle and C. J. Watts, “Fruit and Vegetable Consumption, Nutritional Knowledge and Beliefs in Mothers and Children,” Appetite, Vol. 31, No. 2, 1998, pp. 205-228. doi:10.1006/appe.1998.0180
[28] Y. Manios, K. Kondaki, G. Kourlaba, E. Vasilopoulou and E. Grammatikaki, “Maternal Perceptions of Their Child’s Weight Status: The Genesis Study,” Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 12, No. 8, 2009, pp. 1099-1105. doi:10.1017/S1368980008004412
[29] M. L. de Hoog, K. Stronks, M. van Eijsden, R. J. Gemke and T. G. Vrijkotte, “Ethnic Differences in Maternal Underestimation of Offspring’s Weight: The Abcd Study,” International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 36, No. 1, 2011, pp. 53-60.
[30] C. L. Ogden, M. D. Carroll, B. K. Kit and K. M. Flegal, “Prevalence of Obesity and Trends in Body Mass Index among Us Children and Adolescents, 1999-2010,” JAMA, Vol. 307, No. 5, 2012, pp. 483-490. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.40

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.