A Unique Case? Darier’s Disease Presented as Porcupine-Like Appearance and the Observation on Acitretin Treatment

DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2012.23027   PDF   HTML     4,254 Downloads   6,218 Views  

Abstract

Dyskeratosis follicularis (Darier’s disease, DD) is rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by hyperkeratotic papules that coalesce into plaques and occur primarily in seborrheic or intertriginous areas. Associated findings include nail abnormalities. A 3-year-old boy presented with porcupine-like appearance for 2 years. The lesion from the back was taken for light microscopy and electron microscopy. He was treated with acitretin (0.31 mg/d to 0.66 mg/d) for 8 years. Light microscopy and electron microscopy showed that the typical features of DD. The patient show good respond to the treatment. During 8 years treatment, the patient had dry mouth and pruritus. The skeletal abnormalities didn’t happen in the patient. The serum lipid profile, liver function and renal function within normal lever after treatment. Our findings showed that porcupine-like appearance is a unique pattern of DD. Acitretin may be a useful therapeutic agent in children with DD and less likely to cause skeletal problems.

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X. Zhang, C. Li, X. Li, Y. He, X. Xu and Q. Luo, "A Unique Case? Darier’s Disease Presented as Porcupine-Like Appearance and the Observation on Acitretin Treatment," Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2012, pp. 136-140. doi: 10.4236/jcdsa.2012.23027.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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