Investigation of Viscosity's Effects on Continuous Casting of Steel Mold Powders Containing B2O3, Li2O, TiO2, Fe2O3, ZnO and Na2O


Mold powders are mainly formed of such oxides as SiO2, CaO, Al2O3, Na2O along with F and C. One of the main constitutional composes of mold powders is F, which is utilized in chemical composition of mold powders due to its features of controlling viscosity and producing desired lubrication between solidified steel shell and mold. However, the emission of F through such compositions as HF (g) causes health and environmental problems. The purpose of this research is to decrease, and subsequently substitute, F in chemical composition of a lubricating high speed powder, which is used in continuous casting of steel industry. A combination of Fe2O3 and TiO2 compositions to substitute F in chemical composition of a fluorine-free mold powder was used to meet the purposed of this research. In addition, nine powder samples (A-I) with laboratory scale were prepared. In order to evaluate the samples’ viscosity behavior, groove viscometer test and image analysis software was used and to evaluate the crystalline behavior of samples C and G, XRD and SEM analyses were conducted. The results of these analyses demonstrated that the fluorine-free sample, due to its viscosity resemblance in comparison with molten reference powder and through creation of such crystalline phases as Perovskite (CaTiO3) and Fayalite (Fe2SiO4), will result in viscosity control of the mold powder and therefore optimizing continuous casting conditions. Finally, it is possible to derive that this sample may be an appropriate substitution for the reference powder being utilized in steel continuous casting industry.

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A. Arefpour, A. Monshi, T. Khayamian and A. Saidi, "Investigation of Viscosity's Effects on Continuous Casting of Steel Mold Powders Containing B2O3, Li2O, TiO2, Fe2O3, ZnO and Na2O," Engineering, Vol. 4 No. 8, 2012, pp. 435-444. doi: 10.4236/eng.2012.48057.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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