Surgical Treatment of Giant Cavernous Hepatic Haemangiomas


Background: Haemangiomas are the most common benign liver tumors. Treatment is indicated for symptomatic tumors, rapid increase in size, rupture or doubt in diagnosis. Objective: Evaluation the efficacy of surgical treatment of giant cavernous hepatic haemangioma in tertiary hepatobiliary center. Patients and Methods: Retrospective study of 34 patients with giant hepatic haemangioma operated upon. The diagnosis was proved preoperatively in 27 patients and confirmed by histopathology postoperatively in all patients. The indication of surgery was abdominal pain with large sizes tumors, rapid growth, and spontaneous rupture with haemoperitoneum. Surgical treatment either liver resection or living liver transplantation. Results: 23 cases (67.6%) were females & 11 cases (32.4%) were males, median age 38.8 years. Haemangiomas located in right lobe in 19 patients (55.9%), left lobe in 12 patients (35.4%) in both lobe in 2 patients (5.8%), scattered all over both lobe in one patient (2.9%), solitary in 27 cases (79.4%) and multiple in 7 patients (20.6%). The diameter was 8 - 27 cm, mean 18.6 cm in diameter. 33 patients had liver resection (29 elective resection and 4 emergent resection for rupture). One patient had haemangioma irresectable; the living liver transplant was performed. No mortality during 18 months follow up and complication occurred in 8 patients out of 34 patients. Conclusion: Hepatic resection is an effective treatment option for giant cavernous hepatic haemangioma, in selected patient living related liver transplantation may be the only therapeutic option.

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I. Salama, M. Abdullah and M. Houseni, "Surgical Treatment of Giant Cavernous Hepatic Haemangiomas," Surgical Science, Vol. 3 No. 8, 2012, pp. 406-413. doi: 10.4236/ss.2012.38081.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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