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Edge Effects in Small Forest Fragments: Why More Is Better?

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.37104    4,292 Downloads   7,064 Views   Citations


Edge to interior gradients in forest fragments can influence the species composition and community structure as a result of variations in microenvironment and edaphic variables. We investigated the response of microenvironment and edaphic variables to distance from a tropical montane forest (locally known as shola)-grassland edge using one-edge and multiple-edge models. The edpahic variables did not show any differences between the grassland and shola soils. We observed that conventional one-edge models sufficiently explained variation trends in microenvironment along the edge to interior gradient in large fragments. As with other studies on small fragments though, we observed no edge effects with the use of a conventional one-edge model. However, the inclusion of multiple edges in small fragments signifycantly improved model fit. We can conclude that small fragments dominated by edge habitat may in fact resemble larger fragments with the inclusion of multiple edges. Our models did not evaluate non-linear effects which often better explain patterns in edge-interior gradients. The incorporation of such non-linear models in the system might further improve model fit.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Bunyan, S. Jose and R. Fletcher, "Edge Effects in Small Forest Fragments: Why More Is Better?," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 7, 2012, pp. 869-878. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2012.37104.


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