Share This Article:

Land-Use Planning Guidelines for Optimal Coastal Environmental Management

Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:2232KB) PP. 485-501
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.36059    4,531 Downloads   7,267 Views  

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study is to weigh and recommend environmentally-optimal regional land-use planning guidelines for coastal regions. The present malaise is assessed, as regards inefficiencies, non-suitability, non-sustainability, enhancing factors of environmental degradation, and potentially destructive consequences of current land-use alteration. Desired situations and goals are considered, and means are proposed for bridging the gap between the present malaise and a desired situation, based on five key approaches developed by the authors. Specific examples of regional approaches are presented. Guidelines and operational measures for sound regional planning the authors have employed in similar circumstances are recommended.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Lee Collin and A. Jacob Melloul, "Land-Use Planning Guidelines for Optimal Coastal Environmental Management," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 3 No. 6, 2012, pp. 485-501. doi: 10.4236/jep.2012.36059.

References

[1] Anonym, “Tapping the Oceans,” The Economist, Vol. 387, No. 8583, 2008, pp. 18-20.
[2] E. Kolbert, “Outlook—Extreme (Changing Rains),” National Geographic Magazine, Vol. 215, No. 4, 2009, pp. 60-65.
[3] A. J. Melloul, “Sea Water Rise and Its Impact on the Israel Coastal Aquifer,” Agamit Water in our Country Journal, Vol. 168, 2004, pp. 6-8.
[4] D. S. Rosen, “Long-Term Remedial Measures of Sedimentological Impact Due to Coastal Developments on the Southeastern Mediterranean Coast,” Proceedings of Littoral the Changing Coast Eurocoast, Vol. 2, No. 40, 2002, pp. 322-331.
[5] A. J. Melloul and M. L. Collin, “Seawater Rise and Its Adverse Input on Stressed Coastal Aquifers and Their Groundwater Reserves,” Institute Technology Press, 2005, pp. 184-192.
[6] S. Rahmstorf, “A Semi-Empirical Approach to Projecting Future Sea-Level Rise,” Science, Vol. 315, No. 5810, 2006, pp. 368-370. doi:10.1126/science.1135456
[7] G. W. Huber and B. E. Dale, “Grassoline at the Pump,” Scientific American Magazine, Vol. 301, No. 1, 2009, pp. 40-47. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0709-52
[8] G. McBean, A. Weaver and R. Nigel, “The Science of Climatic Changes: Where We Are in Our Knowledge,” Vol. 2, No. 4, 2001.
[9] P. Miller, “Saving Energy Starts at Home,” National Geographic Magazine, Vol. 215, No. 34, 2009, pp. 60-81.
[10] G. Stix, et al., “Energy’s Future—Beyond Carbon,” Scientific American Magazine, Vol. 295, No. 3, 2006, pp. 1-94.
[11] C. A. Cabanes and C. Le Provost, “Sea Level Rise During Past 40 Years Determined from Satellites and In Situ Observations,” Science, Vol. 294, 2001, pp. 840-842.
[12] Society of Nature Protection and the Coast, “Coasts of Israel, Sea Level Rise and the Situation of Mediterranean Sea Coasts,” Report No. 5, 2004.
[13] V. Gornitz, “Global Coastal Hazards from Future Sea Level Rise,” Paleogeography, Paleoclimatelogy, Paleoecology, Global and Planetary Change, Elsevier Science Vol. 89, No. 4, 1991, pp. 379-398.
[14] B. McKibben, “Carbon’s New Math: To Deal with Global Warming, the First Step Is to Do the Numbers,” National Geographic Magazine, 2007, pp. 33-37.
[15] A. Pinhas. K. Pavel, J. K. Yoram and R. Schwarzbard, “Global Dimming or Local Dimming Effect of Urbanization on Sunlight,” Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 32, 2005.
[16] I. Porat, “Influence of Sea Level Rise on Israel’s Coastal Aquifer,” Report 1, 2004, pp. 35-40.
[17] L. J. Andersen and E. Gosk, “Applicability of Vulnerability Maps,” Environmental Geology and Water Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1989, pp. 39-43. doi:10.1007/BF01666570
[18] S. Appleyard, “The Impact of Urban Development on Recharge and Groundwater Quality in Coastal Aquifer in Perth, Western Australia,” Hydrogeology Journal, Vol. 3, No. 2, 1995, pp. 65-75. doi:10.1007/s100400050072
[19] T. Appenzeller, “Big Thaw,” National Geographic Magazine, Vol. 213 No. 6, 2007, pp. 56-71.
[20] J. Forkasiewickz and J. Margat, “L’exploitation des Rserves d’eau Souterraine en Zones Aride Etemi Aride: Essai de Synthese,” Bulletin du BRGM, Vol. III, No. 2, 1982, pp. 115-126.
[21] Israel Hydrological Service Report, “Development of Groundwater Resources in Israel up to Autumn 2002,” Israel Hydrological Service, Jerusalem, 2003, 5/01.
[22] IMH, “Drinking Water Standards,” Israel Ministry of Health Report, 1994.
[23] A. J. Melloul and L. C. Goldenberg, “Groundwater Pollution by Airborne Toxic Contaminants: A Factor to be Considered in Groundwater Management,” Groundwater Quality Management, No. 220, 1994, pp. 95-105.
[24] A. J. Melloul and M. L. Collin, “The Hydrological Malaise of the Gaza Strip,” Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 43, 1994, pp. 105-116.
[25] A. J. Melloul and L. C. Goldenberg, “Monitoring of Seawater Intrusion in Coastal Aquifers: Basics and Local Concerns,” Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 51, 1997, pp. 73-86. doi:10.1006/jema.1997.0136
[26] A. J. Melloul and D. G. Zeitoun, ”A Semi-Empirical Approach to Seawater Intrusion Monitoring in Israel’s Coastal Aquifer,” In: J. Bear, A. H.-D. Cheng, S. Sorek, D. Ouazar and I. Herrera, Eds., Theory and Applications of Transport in Porous Media: Seawater Intrusion in Coastal Aquifers—Concepts, Methods and Practices, 1999, pp. 543-557.
[27] US Environmental Protection Agency, “DRASTIC: A Standard System for Evaluating Groundwater Potential Using Hydrogeological Settings,” NWWA/EPA Series, Ada, 1985.
[28] L. C. Goldenberg and A. Melloul, “Hydrological and Chemical Management of an Aquifer,” Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 42, 1994, pp. 247-260. doi:10.1006/jema.1994.1071
[29] Y. Tolmach, “Hydrogeological Atlas of Israel, Coastal Aquifer, Areas of Tel Aviv through Hadera,” Hydrological Service Report, Jerusalem, 1979.
[30] R. Draper, “Australia’s Dry Run,” National Geographic Magazine, Vol. 215, No. 4, 2009, pp. 34-59.
[31] K. Warne, “Forests of the Tide (Mangroves),” National Geographic Magazine, Vol. 211, No. 2, 2007, pp. 132-151.
[32] L. Muszkat, E. Rosenthal, D. Ronen and M. Margaritz, “Organic Contaminants in the Israeli Coastal Aquifer,” Environmental Quality and Ecosystem Stability,” Proceedings of 4th International Conference of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Vol. IV-A, Jerusalem, 1989, pp. 471-477.
[33] D. A. Vaccari, “Phosphorus—A Looming Crisis,” Scientific American Magazine, Vol. 300, No. 6, 2009, pp. 42-47.
[34] N. C. Brady and R. R. Weil, “The Nature and Properties of Soil,” 11th Edition, Prentice Hall, 1996.
[35] M. L. Collin and J. Dan, “Degradation of Montmorillonite Clays Owing to Prolonged On-Going Growth of Agricultural Cotton in the Binyamina Region of Israel,” Journal of Geological and Agronomical Ecology, Vol. 8, No. 4, 1986, pp. 218-231.
[36] Glossary of Soil Science Terms, SSSA, 1970.
[37] C. C. Mann, “Our Good Earth—Soils, Terra Preta do Indio,” National Geographic Magazine, Vol. 214, No. 9, 2008, pp. 92-93.
[38] I. L. McHarg, “Design with Nature,” Doubleday, New York, 1969.
[39] C. C. Travi and A. Doty, “Can Contaminated Aquifers at Superfund Sites be Remediated?” Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 24, No. 10, 1990, pp. 1464-1466. doi:10.1021/es00080a600
[40] L. Wingo, “Cities and Space: The Future Use of Urban Land,” Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, 1975.
[41] E. Zwingle, “MegaCities—Challenges for Humanity,” National Geographic Magazine, November 2002.
[42] M. L. Collin and G. Eitan, “The MONET Register of Monitoring Sites,” Israel Hydrological Service, Jerusalem, Vol. 1, No. 99, 1999.
[43] A. J. Melloul and M. L. Collin, “A Hierarchy of Groundwater Management, Land-use, and Social Needs Integrated for Sustainable Resource Development,” Environment, Development and Sustainability Journal, Vol. 3, 2001, pp. 45-59. doi:10.1023/A:1011420206575
[44] J. G. Mitchell, “Our Polluted Runoff,” National Geographic Magazine, Vol. 189, No. 2, 1996, pp. 106-125.
[45] A. J. Melloul and L. C. Goldenberg, “The Rainy Winter of 1991/92 and Its Influence on the Groundwater Quality in the Coastal Plain Aquifer of Israel,” Water and Irrigation Journal, Vol. 319, 1993, pp. 51-54.
[46] V. Klinkenborg, “Up On the Roof (Roof Gardens),” National Geographic Magazine, Vol. 215, No. 5, 2009, pp. 84-104.
[47] U. Zoller, L. C. Goldenberg and A. J. Melloul, “The Short-Cut Enhanced Contamination of the Gaza Strip Coastal Aquifer,” Water Research Journal, Vol. 32, 1998, pp. 1779-1788. doi:10.1016/S0043-1354(97)00395-3
[48] A. J. Melloul and S. H. Wollman, “Qualitative Hydrological and Land-Use Planning Tools for the Israel Coastal Aquifer,” Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 309, No. 3, 2009, pp. 1-17. doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(03)00004-4
[49] D. H. Burnham and E. H. Bennett, “Plan of Chicago,” Princeton Architectural Press, 1993.
[50] City of Chicago, JJR Landscape Architecture, “Chicago Lakefront Harbor Framework Plan,” 2007.
[51] M. L. Collin, “Natural Criteria for Land-Use,” Baltimore Regional Planning Council, State of Maryland, 1973.
[52] J. Albaladejo, M. Martinez-Mena, A. Roldan and V. Castillo, “Soil Degradation and Desertification Induced by Vegetation Removal in a Semi Arid Environment,” Soil Use and Management, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1998, pp. 1-5. doi:10.1111/j.1475-2743.1998.tb00602.x
[53] R. Lal, “Deforestation and Land-use Effects on Soil Degradation and Rehabilitation in Western Nigeria; Runoff Soil Erosion and Nutrient Loss,” Land Degradation & Development, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1996, pp. 99-110. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-145X(199606)7:2<99::AID-LDR220>3.0.CO;2-F
[54] Y. Bachmat and M. L. Collin, “Management-oriented Assessment of Groundwater Vulnerability to Pollution,” Israel Hydrological Service Report, Jerusalem, 1990.
[55] J. N. Pretty, “Sustainability Works,” Our Planet, Vol. 8, No.4, 1996, pp. 19-22.
[56] G. A. Schultz and M. Hornbogen, “Sustainable Development of Water Resources Systems with Regard to Longterm Changes of Design Variables, Modeling and Management of Sustainable Basin-Scale Water Resource Systems,” Proceedings of Boulder Symposium, IAHS, Vol. 231, 1995, pp. 31-40.
[57] Solid Earth Science Working Group, “What Are the Interactions Among Ice Masses, Oceans, and the Solid Earth and Their Implications for Sea-level Changes?” Solid Earth Science Working Group, 2003.
[58] C. Morris, “The Rights and Duties of Beasts and Trees: A Law Teacher’s Essay for Landscape Architects,” Journal of Legal Education, Vol. 17, 1964, pp. 186-192
[59] M. L. Collin, “An Evaluation of Baltimore Harbor Landuse Potentials,” Baltimore Regional Planning Council, Baltimore, 1973.
[60] S. Secunda, M. L. Collin and A. J. Melloul, “Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment Using a Composite Model Combining DRASTIC with Extensive Agricultural Landuse in Israel’s Sharon Region,” Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 54, 1998, pp. 131-142.
[61] A. Maslow, “The Comparative Approach to Social Behavior,” Journal of Social Forces, Vol. 15, 1937, pp. 487-490. doi:10.2307/2571416
[62] A. Maslow, “A Theory of Human Motivation,” Psychological Review, Vol. 50, 1943, pp. 370-396. doi:10.1037/h0054346
[63] L. C. Goldenberg, A. Melloul and U. Zoller, “The ‘Short-Cut’ Approach for the Reality of Enhanced Groundwater Contamination,” Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 46, 1996, pp. 311-326. doi:10.1006/jema.1996.0024
[64] W. Cramer and J. Vrba, “Vulnerability Mapping: Proceedings of the International Conference on Vulnerability of Soil and Groundwater to Pollutants,” The Hague, 1987, pp. 45-48.
[65] L. Aller, J. H. Bennet, H. Lehr and R. J. Petty, “DRASTIC: A Standardized System for Evaluating Groundwater Potential Using Hydrogeological Settings,” EPA/600/285/018/R.S, Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory, US Environmental Protection Agency, Ada, 1985.
[66] M. L. Collin, “POLLSITE Land-Use Register,” Hydrological Report, Israel Hydrological Service, Jerusalem, Vol. 2, No. 95, 1995.
[67] L. R. Brown, “Could Food Shortages Bring down Civilization?” Scientific American Magazine, Vol. 300, No. 5, 2009, pp. 40-47. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0509-50
[68] P. Brunn, “Review of Conditions for Uses of the Brunn Rule of Erosion,” Coastal Engineering, Vol. 7, 1983, pp. 77-89. doi:10.1016/0378-3839(83)90028-5
[69] M. J. Heckenberger, “Garden Cities,” Scientific American Magazine, Vol. 301, No. 4, 2009.
[70] M. L. Collin, “The Baltimore Harbor Plan,” Baltimore Regional Planning Council, Baltimore, 1975.
[71] Wallace-McHarg Associates, “Plan for the Valleys,” Philadelphia, 1963.
[72] P. Leyhausen, “The Sane Community—A Density Problem?” Discovery, 1965, pp. 34-48.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.