Synthesis and Characterization of Polymeric Composites Embeded with Silver Nanoparticles

DOI: 10.4236/wjnse.2012.21004   PDF   HTML     7,175 Downloads   13,707 Views   Citations

Abstract

Silver nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical reduction method. The Ag nanoparticles (AgNP) were characterized using UV-Vis spectroscopy which shows an absorption band at 420 nm confirming the formation of nanoparticles. For any practical application of the silver nanoparticles it is necessary to stabilize it which can be done by making a composite. In the present studies three polymers were chosen such that AgNP could be put to some practical use. Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA), Polypyrrole (Ppy) and Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) are important for use in textiles, electronics and food/drug technologies respectively. Polymeric composites of PVA, PPy, and CMC were prepared by mixing the aqueous solutions of the respective polymers and the colloidal suspension of preformed silver nanoparticles. Various compositions containing 1% to 5% of Ag nanoparticles were prepared. Thin films of these composites were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and Scanning electron microscopy. X-ray diffraction showed the presence of the peaks at 2θ values of 38.1°, 44.2°, 64.4 and 78.2° corresponding to cubic phase of silver metal. SEM photographs revealed the presence of Ag nanoparticles of sizes varying from 40 to 80 nm. The electrical conductivity of these materials was studied using the four probe method. The conductivity was found to increase from 10–6 for control samples to 10–3 S/cm after the formation of the nanocomposites.

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H. Chitte, N. Bhat, N. Karmakar, D. Kothari and G. Shinde, "Synthesis and Characterization of Polymeric Composites Embeded with Silver Nanoparticles," World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2012, pp. 19-24. doi: 10.4236/wjnse.2012.21004.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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