Share This Article:

Total Ergonomics and Its Impact in Musculoskeletal Disorders and Quality of Work Life and Productivity

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:520KB) PP. 79-88
DOI: 10.4236/ojsst.2011.13008    6,233 Downloads   14,711 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Studies have indicated the application of ergonomics in improving the quality of work life, reducing musculoskeletal disorders and increasing productivity. On the other hand, there are large differences between developing and developed countries in applying ergonomics knowledge, the need of applying the science of culture, especially in developing countries and the third world is vital, but the culture implementation and pay evaluation of total ergonomics (micro and macro) is low. Therefore, this study has tried using the studies of society and culture dominated by manufacturing service, a comprehensive and integrated model for ergonomics interventions to be developed and used in an educational establishment and the effects of ergonomic interventions in a field study in comparison with conditions before the intervention using questionnaire “body mapping” and “quality of work life” to evaluate. Study results showed increased productivity, improved work life quality and reduced musculoskeletal disorders. So a comparison of performance than the base year indicated lower costs and increased revenue and expanded with less manpower in data analysis questionnaire “quality of work life” and “body mapping” which showed that significant difference in confidence interval between the sample and control population is ninety-nine percent and there is reduction of musculoskeletal disorders and increase in quality of work life. Those indices indicated the positive effect of interventions ergonomics.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

N. Abarqhouei and H. Hosseini Nasab, "Total Ergonomics and Its Impact in Musculoskeletal Disorders and Quality of Work Life and Productivity," Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology, Vol. 1 No. 3, 2011, pp. 79-88. doi: 10.4236/ojsst.2011.13008.

References

[1] M. Shaliza, K. Shahrul, M. Mohzani, O. Zalinda and S. Khairanum, “Application of Quality Function Deploy- ment in Identifying Ergonomics Programs for Malaysian, The Effect of Ergonomics Applications in Work System on Mental Health of Visual Display Terminal Workers Manufacturing Industries,” Proceedings in International Conference on Technology Management, 2006, pp. 275-277.
[2] A. Kazemi, “Productivity and Its Analysis in Organiza- tions,” Organization of Study and Determining Humanis- tics Sciences Books of Universities (Samt), Tehran, 1981.
[3] N. S. Abarquoei and S. Ahmad, “Place and Role of Hu- man Factors Engineering in Agricultural Sector Produc- tivity,” The 1st National Conference of New Technolo- gies in Agriculture and Natural Resources, 2008, pp. 2455-2459.
[4] P. G. Dempsey, “Effectiveness of Ergonomics Interven- tions to Prevent Musculoskeletal Disorders: Beware of What You Ask,” International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol. 37, No. 2, 2007, pp. 169-173. doi:10.1016/j.ergon.2006.10.009
[5] S. E. Mathiassen, “On the Evolution of Task-Based Analysis of Manual Materials Handling, and Its Applica- bility in Contemporary Ergonomics,” Applied Ergonomics, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2006, pp 33-43. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2004.11.004
[6] P. Leigh, S. B. Markowitz, M. Fahs, C. Shin and P. J. Landrigan, “Occupational Injury and Illness in the United States, Estimates of Costs, Morbidity, and Mortality,” Archives of Internal Medicine, Vol. 157, No. 14, 1997, pp. 1557-1568. doi:10.1001/archinte.1997.00440350063006
[7] G. Pransky, K. Benjamin, C. Hill-Fotouhi, J. Himmelstein, K. E. Fletcher, J. N. Katz and W. G. Johnson, “Outcomes in Work-Related Upper Extremity and Low Back Injuries: Results of a Retrospective Study,” Ameri- can Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol. 37, No. 4, 2000, pp. 400-409. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0274(200004)37:4<400::AID-AJIM10>3.0.CO;2-C
[8] M. Shaliza, S, Kamaruddin, O. Zalinda and M. Mohzani, “The Effect of Ergonomics Applications in Work System on Mental Health of Visual Display Terminal Workers,” European Journal of Scientific Research, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2009, pp. 341-354.
[9] P. A. Scott, “Global Inequality, and the Challenge for Ergonomics to Take a More Dynamic Role to Redress the Situation,” Applied Ergonomics, Vol. 39, No. 4, 2008, pp. 495-499. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2008.02.014
[10] P. A. Scott, “Ergonomicd in Developing Regions, Needs and Applications,” CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2009. doi:10.1201/9781420079128
[11] R. Ford, “Change Your Life Quality (Intellectual Way for Access to Personal Ability and Financial Independence),” translated by Mehdi Garacheh Daghi, Tehran, 2008.
[12] T. Mogaddam, Reza, T. Fard, M. Tagi, A. Khalili, Hossein, K. Shaei and Safdar, “Re-Designing Environment and Processes for Increasing Productivity and Safety,” 1st International Conference of Ergonomy and Human Factors, Tehran, 2008.
[13] W. Hendrick and M. K. Brain, “Macroergonomics Theory, Methods and Applications,” IEA, Mahwah, 2002.
[14] J. Dul and W. P. Neumann, “Ergonomics Contributions to Company Strategies,” Applied Ergonomics, Vol. 40, No. 4, 2009, pp. 745-752. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2008.07.001
[15] L. Cullen, “Human Factors Integration—Bridging the Gap between System Designers and End-Users: A Case Study,” Safety Science, Vol. 45, No. 5, 2007, pp. 621- 629. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2007.01.002
[16] Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES), Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Strategic Plan. Human Factors and Ergonomics Directory and Yearbook, 1999- 2000. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Santa Monica, p. 89.
[17] P. W. Neumann, M. Ekman and J. Winkel, “Integrating Ergonomics into Production System Development—The Volvo Powertrain Case,” Applied Ergonomics, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2009, pp. 452-459.
[18] N. Meshkati, “An Etiological Investigation of Micro- and Macroergonomic Factors in the Bhopal Disaster: Lessons for Industries of Both Industrialized and Developing Countries,” International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1989, pp. 161-175. doi:10.1016/0169-8141(89)90042-5
[19] P. Carayon, “Human Factors of Complex Sociotechnical Systems,” Applied Ergonomics, Vol. 37, No. 4, 2006, pp. 525-535. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2006.04.011
[20] M. Motamedzadeh, “Designing and Participatory System Establishment, Its Effect on Organization Productivity and Quality Improvement and Its Comparison With Customary Ergonomics by Guiding Prof. Shahnavaz,” Ph. D Thesis, Tarbiat Moddares University, Tehran, 2003.
[21] W. O. Wing, B. L. Guo, W. Li and D. Yang, “Reducing Conflict in Balanced Scorecard Evaluations,” Accounting, Organizations and Society, Vol. 32, No. 4-5, 2007, pp. 363-377.
[22] H. I. Lee, W. C. Chen and C. J. Chang, “A Fuzzy AHP and BSC Approach for Evaluating Industry in Taiwan,” Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 34, No. 1, 2006, pp. 96-107.
[23] B. Andersen, B. Henriksen and W. Aarseth, “Professional Practice Holistic Performance Management: An Integrated Framework,” International Journal Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. 55, No. 1, 2006, pp. 61-78. doi:10.1108/17410400610635507
[24] ?. F. Sar?, “Effects of Employee Trainings on the Occupational Safety and Health in Accommodation Sector,” Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2009, pp. 1865-1870. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2009.01.329
[25] L. McAtamney and N. E. Corlett, “RULA: A Survey Method for the Investigation of Work-Related Upper Limb Disorders,” Applied Ergonomics, Vol. 24, No. 2, 1993, pp. 91-99. doi:10.1016/0003-6870(93)90080-S
[26] J. S. Moorea and A. Garg, “The Strain Index: A Proposed Method to Analyze Jobs for Risk of Distal Upper Extremity Disorders,” American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Vol. 56, No. 5, 1995, pp. 443-458. doi:10.1080/15428119591016863
[27] S. Hignett and L. McAtamneyb, “Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA),” Applied Ergonomics, Vol. 31, No. 2-3, 2000, pp. 201-205. doi:10.1016/S0003-6870(99)00039-3
[28] P. Drinkaus, R. Sesek, D. Bloswick, T. Bernard, B. Walton and B. Joseph, “Comparison of Ergonomic Risk Assessment Outputs from Rapid Upper Limb Assessment and the Strain Index for Tasks in Automotive Assembly Plants,” Work, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2003, pp. 165-172.
[29] S. Bao, N. Howard, P. Spielholz and B. Silverstein, “Quantifying Repetitive hand Activity for Epidemiological Research on Musculoskeletal Injuries—Part II: Comparison of Different Methods of Measuring Force Level and Repetitiveness,” Ergonomics, Vol. 49, No. 4, 2006, pp. 381- 392. doi:10.1080/00140130600555938
[30] T. Jones and S. Kumar, “Comparison of Ergonomic Risk Assessments in a Repetitive High-Risk Saw Mill Occupation: Saw-Filer,” International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol. 37, No. 9-10, 2007, pp. 744-753. doi:10.1016/j.ergon.2007.05.005
[31] C. Berlin, R. ?rtengren, D. L?mkull and L. Hanson, “Corporate-Internal vs. National Standard—A Compari- son Study of Two Ergonomics Evaluation Procedures Used in Automotive Manufacturing,” International Jour- nal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol. 39, No. 6, 2009, pp. 940-946.
[32] F. Tayarri and J. I. Smith, “Occupational Ergonomics: Principles and Application,” Chapman & Hall, London, 1997.
[33] J. Van Lwaarden, T. Van Der Wiele, L. Bell and R. Miller, “Applying SERVQUAL to Websites: An Explo- ratory Study,” International Journal of Quality Management, Vol. 20. No. 8, 2003, pp. 919-935.
[34] M. Allameh, “Developing Work Life Quality Pattern of Walton Based on Islamic Values,” Ph.D Thesis, Tarbiat Moddares University, Tehran, 1999.
[35] S. Robert, “Performance Evaluation and Control Systems for Executing Strategy,” Translated by Mojtaba Asadi, Aryana in Dastrial Research Group, Tehran, 2006.
[36] M. Helander, “A Guide to the Ergonomics of Manufacturing,” Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, 1995.
[37] A. Rezai and S. A. Meibodi, “Statistics and Probability,” Daneshkahi Jahad of Isfahan Technology University, Isfahan, 2005.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.