Open Journal of Nephrology

Volume 8, Issue 4 (December 2018)

ISSN Print: 2164-2842   ISSN Online: 2164-2869

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.29  Citations  

Prognostic Aspects of Lupus Nephritis at Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital in Dakar

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ABSTRACT

Introduction: Kidney injury is common in the course of lupus and affects the functional and vital prognosis. The risk of progression to end-stage renal failure can reach 40% to 60%. Thus we carried out this work for the purpose of an evaluation of the renal and vital prognosis and to deduce the factors of poor prognosis. Patients and method: This was a retrospective, descriptive and analytical study conducted over a period of 10 years from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2016, performed in the Nephrology Department of Aristide Le Dantec Hospital in Dakar. Patients with lupus nephritis were included. The studied parameters were epidemiological, clinical, paraclinical and progression. We had done a crossover of the patients to look for the factors of poor renal and vital prognosis. Results: Out of 93 cases of lupus patients, 64 were included, a prevalence of 69%. The mean age of the patients was 31.97 ± 10.44 years old. There were 81% women and 19% men, a sex ratio of 0.23. Class III was found in 24 cases (37.5%), Class IV in 20 cases (31.25%), Class V in 15 cases (23.4%), Class II in 4 cases (6.25%) and Class I in 1 case (1.6%). The combination of corticosteroids and immunosuppressants was used in 56.25% of cases. After a follow-up of six months, 19 patients were in complete remission, 21 had resistance and 9 had partial remission. Of the 21 patients who had resistance, 8 were in chronic renal failure. Death was observed in 5 patients and the causes were in 3 patients: pulmonary embolism, bacterial meningitis and pulmonary tuberculosis. The cause of death was unknown in 2 patients. The factors of poor renal prognosis were lymphopenia, the presence of anti-native DNA antibodies, nephrotic syndrome, microscopic hematuria, tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis. Risk factors affecting renal survival were the presence of native anti-DNA antibodies, microscopic hematuria, leukocyturia and the presence of a proliferative class. The factors of poor prognosis were renal failure, lymphopenia, nephrotic syndrome, glomerular sclerosis, arteriosclerosis, interstitial infiltration and tubular atrophy. Conclusion: The risk conferred by nephropathy is greater for proliferative glomerulonephritis; it is also correlated with the presence of persistent nephrotic syndrome or severe renal failure.

Cite this paper

Mansour, M. , Maria, F. , Moustapha, C. , Ahmed, L. , Khodia, F. , Alex, K. , Moustapha, F. , Bakary, B. , Seynabou, D. , Niakhaleen, K. , Aw, B. , Ameth, D. , Lot, M. , Abdou, N. , Boucar, D. and Fary, K. (2018) Prognostic Aspects of Lupus Nephritis at Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital in Dakar. Open Journal of Nephrology, 8, 124-132. doi: 10.4236/ojneph.2018.84014.

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