World Journal of Neuroscience

Volume 6, Issue 2 (May 2016)

ISSN Print: 2162-2000   ISSN Online: 2162-2019

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Single Exposure to Antidepressants during Infancy Is Associated with Delayed Behavioral Changes in C57BL/6 Mice

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ABSTRACT

As serotoninergic transmission plays a crucial role in higher brain function in mammals, the disturbance of this system will likely have significant effects on emotion and cognition. Previous studies have reported that chronic treatment with Specific Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) during both late pregnancy and lactation was associated with abnormal behavior in adult rats. These data imply that disturbances in serotoninergic transmission during neurodevelopment may have negative effects on both the structure and function of the resultant adult brain. Therefore, the effect of a single exposure to an SSRI or a tricyclic antidepressant that preferentially inhibits serotonin reuptake during the pre-weaning period was examined in adult mice. An oral infusion of paroxetine (70 mg/kg), fluvoxamine (250 mg/kg), clomipramine (180 mg/kg), or saline was administered on postnatal day 14. Starting at 11 weeks of age, mice were assessed using a comprehensive behavioral test battery. Mice treated with paroxetine demonstrated altered behavior on the open field and hole-board tasks; those treated with fluvoxamine had behavioral changes on the light-dark box, hole-board, and sucrose preference tasks, while alteration in forced swimming and cued fear behavior were noted in mice treated with clomipramine. These results suggest that even a single administration of an antidepressant could have profound effects on behavior in adulthood, although the effects might differ dependent on the specific drug that was administered.

Cite this paper

Yamada, K. (2016) Single Exposure to Antidepressants during Infancy Is Associated with Delayed Behavioral Changes in C57BL/6 Mice. World Journal of Neuroscience, 6, 151-164. doi: 10.4236/wjns.2016.62019.

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