Advances in Evidence-Based Medicine

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an approach to medical practice intended to optimize decision-making by emphasizing the use of evidence from well designed and conducted research. Although all medicine based on science has some degree of empirical support, EBM goes further, classifying evidence by its epistemologic strength and requiring that only the strongest types (coming from meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and randomized controlled trials) can yield strong recommendations; weaker types (such as from case-control studies) can yield only weak recommendations. The term was originally used to describe an approach to teaching the practice of medicine and improving decisions by individual physicians about individual patients. Then the use of the term rapidly expanded to include a previously described approach that emphasized the use of evidence in the design of guidelines and policies that apply to groups of patients and populations.


In the present book, twelve typical literatures about evidence-based medicine published on international authoritative journals were selected to introduce the worldwide newest progress, which contains reviews or original researches on medical science concerning evidence-based medicine. We hope this book can demonstrate advances in evidence-based medicine as well as give references to the researchers, students and other related people.

Components of the Book:
  • Chapter 1
    Global Health: The Importance of Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Chapter 2
    Evidence-Based Medicine - An Appropriate Tool for Evidence-Based Health Policy? A Case Study from Norway
  • Chapter 3
    The Importance of Values in Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Chapter 4
    The Three-Legged Stool of Evidence-Based Practice in Eating Disorder Treatment: Research, Clinical, and Patient Perspectives
  • Chapter 5
    Increasing Utilization of Internet-Based Resources Following Efforts to Promote Evidence-Based Medicine: A National Study in Taiwan
  • Chapter 6
    Effectiveness of National Evidence-Based Medicine Competition in Taiwan
  • Chapter 7
    Epistaxis in Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia: An Evidence Based Review of Surgical Management
  • Chapter 8
    Evidence-Based Medicine and Clinical Fluorodeoxyglucose PET/MRI in Oncology
  • Chapter 9
    Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis – Clinical Management Guided by the Evidence-Based GRADE Approach: What Arguments Can Be Made against Transparency in Guideline Development?
  • Chapter 10
    Barriers against Incorporating Evidence-Based Practice In Physical Therapy in Colombia: Current State and Factors Associated
  • Chapter 11
    “Appropriate” Diagnostic Testing: Supporting Diagnostics with Evidence-Based Medicine and Shared Decision Making
  • Chapter 12
    Sustainability of Evidence-Based Healthcare: Research Agenda, Methodological Advances, and Infrastructure Support
Readership: Students, academics, teachers and other people attending or interested in Advances in Evidence-Based Medicine
Gretchen L. Birbeck
University of Rochester Medical Center, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA

Kirsti Malterud
Research Unit for General Practice, Uni Research Health, Bergen, Norway

Michael P. Kelly
Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

Carol B. Peterson
Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, USA

Christopher J. Chin
Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Ganesh Raghu
Department of Medicine (Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine), University of Washington, Seattle, USA

and more...
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