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A Review on Ruminant Fasciolosis

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101655    1,176 Downloads   2,153 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This work was conducted to touch the epidemiology and economic impact of ruminants’ Fasciolosis. Ethiopia possesses the largest livestock population in Africa. Ruminants play a significant role in maintaining household stability. However, the productivity per animal and the contribution of this sub-sector to the national economy is relatively low due to multiple factors. The review reveals that Fasciolosis is an important limiting factor for ruminant production and causes for several economic losses due to morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia. The two species of the greatest veterinary importance are Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica and snails are their intermediate host. Clinical disease is usually characterized by weight loss, anemia and hypopotenaemia. Therefore, it can be concluded that Fasciolosis is an important parasitic disease which hinders the ruminants’ production. So it is recommended to control the disease by reducing the snail population or by using anthelmintics.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Tsega, M. , Dereso, S. and Getu, A. (2015) A Review on Ruminant Fasciolosis. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-8. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1101655.

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