Share This Article:

Measuring Vulnerability of Urban Korean Women to Weight Management Problems

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:336KB) PP. 1496-1506
DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.616154    2,431 Downloads   2,716 Views  

ABSTRACT

The study examines factors associated with BMI among urban women responsible for food shopping and preparation in the Republic of Korea. The preliminary ANOVA analysis of the survey data collected from women residing in seven major urban centers is followed by the logistic estimation of the equation identifying individual characteristics and household features changing the probability of undesirable BMI. Low income, low education, location, preference for convenience, sweet-tasting foods, and home vegetable processing are linked to BMI ≥ 25. Respondents reporting weekly fruits and vegetable expenditure considered normal or above normal are less likely to be overweight. Profiles of urban women (in a country where more than 80 percent of people live in urban areas) vulnerable to becoming overweight or obese are developed and probabilities of changing the BMI based on respondent characteristics are calculated. There is a need for multipronged efforts including public and private sectors to address the increasing weight management problems among urban women to address differences in socioeconomic, location, health, and food choice factors predicting change in BMI.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Nambiar, P. , Florkowski, W. and Suh, D. (2015) Measuring Vulnerability of Urban Korean Women to Weight Management Problems. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 6, 1496-1506. doi: 10.4236/fns.2015.616154.

References

[1] World Health Organization (2004) Obesity and Overweight.
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/
[2] Tan, A.K., Yen, S.T. and Feisul, M.I. (2012) Determinants of Body Weight in Malaysia: An Ethnic Comparison. International Journal of Public Health, 57, 279-288.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-011-0238-8
[3] Son, S.M. (2003) Food Consumption Trends and Nutrition Transition in Korea. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 9, 7-17.
[4] Park, H.S., Yun, Y.S., Park, J.Y., Kim, Y.S. and Choi, J.M. (2003) Obesity, Abdominal Obesity, and Clustering of Cardio-Vascular Risk Factors in South Korea. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 12, 411-418.
[5] Ministry of Health and Welfare (1999) Report on 1998 National Health and Nutrition Survey (Dietary Intake Survey). Seoul, South Korea.
[6] Korea Health Industry Development Institute/Ministry of Health and Welfare (2006) Reports on 2005 National Health and Nutrition Survey. Nutrition Survey I & II. Seoul, South Korea.
[7] Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (2003) S. Korea’s Obesity Rate Lowest in OECD.
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/04/113_42993.html
[8] Chennell, C. and Ridley, L. (2009) South Korea Food Market Overview Department of Primary Industries, Farm Services Victoria, Melbourne, Australia.
http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/dpi/nrenti.nsf/LinkView/8B58A731F9A07B72CA257678001B29503EAE47A0DB5D4984CA25727A00781A83
[9] Thompson, D., Brown, J.B., Nichols, G.A., Elmer, P.J. and Oster, G. (2001) Body Mass Index and Future Healthcare Costs: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Obesity Research, 9, 210-218.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/oby.2001.23
[10] Sobal, J. (1991) Obesity and Socioeconomic Status: A Framework for Examining Relationships between Physical and Social Variables. Medical Anthropology, 13, 231-247.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01459740.1991.9966050
[11] Adler, N.E., Boyce, T, Chesney, M.A., Cohen, S., Folkman, S., Kahn, R.L. and Syme, S.L. (1994) Socioeconomic Status and Health: The Challenge of the Gradient. American Psychologist, 49, 15-24.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.49.1.15
[12] Brown, A.F., Ettner, S.L., Piette, J., Weinberger, M., Gregg, E., Shapiro, M.F., Karter, A.J., Safford, M., Waitzfelder, B., Prata, P.A. and Beckles, G.L. (2004) Socioeconomic Position and Health among Persons with Diabetes Mellitus: A Conceptual Framework and Review of the Literature. Epidemiologic Reviews, 26, 63-77.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/epirev/mxh002
[13] Mendenhall, W. and Sincich, T. (1996) A Second Course in Statistics: Regression Analysis. 6th Edition, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River.
[14] Flegal, K.M., Harlan, W.R. and Landis, J.R. (1988) Secular Trends in Body Mass Index and Skinfold Thickness with Socioeconomic Factors in Young Adult Women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 48, 535-543.
[15] Åstebro, T. and Chen, J. (2014) The Entrepreneurial Earning Puzzle: Mismeasurement or Real? Journal of Business Venturing, 29, 88-105.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2013.04.003
[16] Nayga, R. (1999) Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Obesity in the USA. Journal of Consumer Studies and Home Economics, 23, 161-164.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2737.1999.00095.x
[17] Lopez, R. (2004) Urban Sprawl and Risk for Being Overweight or Obese. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 1574-1579.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.94.9.1574
[18] (2015) South Korea: Cities.
http://www.citypopulation.de/KoreaSouth-Mun.html
[19] Kim, H. and Ruger, J.P. (2010) Socioeconomic Disparities in Behavioral Risk Factors and Health Outcomes by Gender in the Republic of Korea. BMC Public Health, 10, 195-214.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-10-195
[20] Loureiro, M.L. and Nayga, R.M. (2005) Obesity Rates in OECD Countries: An International Perspective. Paper Prepared for Presentation at the EAAE XI Congress, Copenhagen.
[21] Fang, H., Ali, M.M. and Rizzo, J.A. (2009) Does Smoking Affect Body Weight and Obesity in China? Economics and Human Biology, 7, 334-350.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ehb.2009.07.003
[22] Chen, Z., Yen, T.S. and Eastwood, B.D. (2007) Does Smoking Have a Casual Effect on Weight Reduction? Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 28, 49-67.
[23] Wahlqvist, L.M.K. and Wattanapenpaiboon, N. (2005) Functional Foods and Their Impact on Nutrition and Health: Opportunities in the Asia Pacific. In: Shi, J., Ho, C. and Shahidi, F., Eds., Asian Functional Foods, CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL, 1-20.
[24] Park, K. and Rhee, S. (2005) Functional Foods from Fermented Vegetable Products: Kimchi (Korean Fermented Vegetables) and Functionality. In: Shi J., Ho C., Shahidi F. Eds, Asian Functional Foods, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 341-380.
[25] Lantz, P.M., House, J.S., Lepkowski, J.M., Williams, D.R., Mero, R.P. and Chen, J. (1998) Socioeconomic Factors, Health Behaviors, and Mortality-Results from a Nationally Representative Prospective Study of US Adults. Journal of the American Medical Association, 279, 1703-1708.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.279.21.1703
[26] Yoo, S., Cho, H. and Khang, Y. (2010) General and Abdominal Obesity in South Korea, 1998-2007: Gender and Socioeconomic Differences. Preventive Medicine, 51, 460-465.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2010.10.004
[27] Drewnowski, A. and Darmon, N. (2005) The Economics of Obesity: Dietary Energy Density and Energy Cost. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 82, 265S-73S.
[28] Vernay, M., Malon, A., Oleko, A., Salanave, B., Roudier, C., Szego, E., Deschamps, V., Hercberg, S. and Castetbon, K. (2009) Association of Socioeconomic Status with Overall Overweight and Central Obesity in Men and Women: the French Nutrition and Health Survey 2006. BMC Public Health, 9, 215-222.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-215
[29] Bazzano, L.A., He, J., Ogden, L.G., Loria, C.M., Vupputuri, S., Myers, L. and Whelton, P.K. (2002) Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in US Adults: The First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow-Up Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 76, 93-99.
[30] Tohill, B.C. (2005) Dietary Intake of Fruit and Vegetables and Management of Body Weight. Joint FAO/WHO Workshop on Fruit and Vegetables for Health, Kobe, 1-3 September 2004, 52 p.
[31] Plantinga, A.J. and Bernell, S. (2005) A Spatial Economic Analysis of Urban Land Use and Obesity. Journal of Regional Science, 45, 473-492.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-4146.2005.00380.x
[32] Musingarimi, P. (2009) Obesity in the UK: A Review and Comparative Analysis of Policies within the Devolved Administrations. Health Policy, 91, 10-16.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2008.11.004
[33] French, S.A., Harnack, L. and Jeffery, R.W. (2000) Fast Food Restaurant Use among Women in the Pound of Prevention Study: Dietary, Behavioral, and Demographic Correlates. International Journal of Obesity, 24, 1353-1359.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0801429
[34] Wang, M.C., Kim, S., Gonzalez, A.A., MacLeod, K.E. and Winkleby, M.A. (2007) Socioeconomic and Food-Related Physical Characteristics of the Neighbourhood Environment Are Associated with Body Mass Index. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61, 491-498.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2006.051680
[35] Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2010) Obesity and the Economics of Prevention: Fit Not Fat—Korea Key Facts.
http://www.oecd.org/korea/obesityandtheeconomicsofpreventionfitnotfat-koreakeyfacts.htm
[36] International Obesity Task Force Secretariat (2002) The Global Challenge of Obesity and the International Obesity Task Force.
http://www.iuns.org/the-global-challenge-of-obesity-and-the-international-obesity-task-force/
[37] Joo, N.S., Park, Y.W., Park, K.H., Kim, C.W. and Kim, B.T. (2011) Application of Protein-Rich Oriental Diet in a Community-Based Obesity Control Program. Yonsei Medical Journal, 52, 249-256.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2011.52.2.249
[38] Bae, J., Joung, H., Kim, J.Y., Kwon, K.N., Kim, Y. and Park, S.W. (2010) Validity of Self-Reported Height, Weight, and Body Mass Index of the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey Questionnaire. Journal of Preventive Medicine & Public Health, 43, 396-402.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.5.396
[39] Ezzati, M., Martin, H., Skjold, S., Vander Hoorn, S. and Murray, C.J. (2006) Trends in National and State-Level Obesity in the USA after Correction for Self-Report Bias: Analysis of Health Surveys. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 99, 250-257.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1258/jrsm.99.5.250

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.