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Educational Video Increases Maternal Self-Efficacy for Prevention of Diarrhoea in Young Children: A Randomised Clinical Trial

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.621325    4,225 Downloads   4,760 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to compare the scores of maternal self-efficacy for child diarrhoea prevention, between intervention and control groups, according to sanitary, social and demographic characteristics. A randomised clinical trial was carried out on 163 mothers of children under 5 years old. Data collection was conducted during two months, at two different moments (M0 and M1); at the moment M0 only the intervention group watched the educational video to promote self-efficacy for child diarrhoea prevention; at M1 (two months later) the scale was applied to both groups. In the intervention group, greater mean self-efficacy scores were obtained compared with the control group. The following variables showed statistically significant associations (p < 0.05) with maternal self-efficacy: age 35 or over; high school education; working outside the home; residence with 4 to 5 people; house not of brick or mortar; public refuse collection; piped water supply; consumption of mineral water; and public sewerage network. After use of the video “Diarrhoea: you can prevent it”, the maternal self-efficacy increased, proving that this strategy is able to assist the nursing staff in educational practices.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Joventino, E. , Ferreira, Á. , Sousa, M. , Penha, J. , Oriá, M. , Almeida, P. and Ximenes, L. (2014) Educational Video Increases Maternal Self-Efficacy for Prevention of Diarrhoea in Young Children: A Randomised Clinical Trial. Health, 6, 2867-2874. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.621325.

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