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Educational Video Increases Maternal Self-Efficacy for Prevention of Diarrhoea in Young Children: A Randomised Clinical Trial

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.621325    4,225 Downloads   4,760 Views   Citations


The aim of this study was to compare the scores of maternal self-efficacy for child diarrhoea prevention, between intervention and control groups, according to sanitary, social and demographic characteristics. A randomised clinical trial was carried out on 163 mothers of children under 5 years old. Data collection was conducted during two months, at two different moments (M0 and M1); at the moment M0 only the intervention group watched the educational video to promote self-efficacy for child diarrhoea prevention; at M1 (two months later) the scale was applied to both groups. In the intervention group, greater mean self-efficacy scores were obtained compared with the control group. The following variables showed statistically significant associations (p < 0.05) with maternal self-efficacy: age 35 or over; high school education; working outside the home; residence with 4 to 5 people; house not of brick or mortar; public refuse collection; piped water supply; consumption of mineral water; and public sewerage network. After use of the video “Diarrhoea: you can prevent it”, the maternal self-efficacy increased, proving that this strategy is able to assist the nursing staff in educational practices.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Joventino, E. , Ferreira, Á. , Sousa, M. , Penha, J. , Oriá, M. , Almeida, P. and Ximenes, L. (2014) Educational Video Increases Maternal Self-Efficacy for Prevention of Diarrhoea in Young Children: A Randomised Clinical Trial. Health, 6, 2867-2874. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.621325.


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