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X-Ray Diffraction Analysis of Nano Crystalline Ceramic PbBaTiO3

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DOI: 10.4236/csta.2014.33007    3,655 Downloads   4,539 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

X-ray crystallography is concerned with discovering and describing the crystal structure. High-temperature superconductivity in ceramic oxides is a new technology in which advances are occurring at a rapid pace. Here, the author describes some properties of a new nano crystalline ceramic type II superconductor, PbBaTiO. Type II superconductors are usually made of metal alloys or complex oxide ceramics. The PBT perovskite phase structure was prepared by the conventional solid state reaction technique. The sample was analyzed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Particle size determination, SEM and EDX. The comparison of XRD results with JCPDS files confirmed the tetragonal structure of the sample with a = b ≠ c and α = β = γ = 90°. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies revealed that its particle size was in the nanometer range. It also confirmed the calculated value of particle size from Debye Scherrer’s formula. EDX spectrum shows the elements of the sample. X-ray instrumental peak broadening analysis was used to evaluate the size and lattice strain by the Williamson-Hall Plot method.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Vinila, V. , Jacob, R. , Mony, A. , Nair, H. , Issac, S. , Rajan, S. , Nair, A. , Satheesh, D. and Isac, J. (2014) X-Ray Diffraction Analysis of Nano Crystalline Ceramic PbBaTiO3. Crystal Structure Theory and Applications, 3, 57-65. doi: 10.4236/csta.2014.33007.

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