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Effect of Indole 3-Butyric Acid and Media Type on Adventitious Root Formation in Sheanut Tree (Vitellaria paradoxa C. F. Gaertn.) Stem Cuttings

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.53043    3,619 Downloads   5,534 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Shea nuts play an important role in food security for rural folks within sub-Sahara Africa, serving as the main source of income for many people living in Northern Ghana. Unfortunately, the full economic potential of the Sheanut tree has not been fully realized due to the difficulty involved in its domestication. This difficulty in vegetatively propagating sheanut trees has greatly hindered its cultivation and the realization of its true economic potential. Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of rooting media and varying indole 3-butyric acid (IBA) concentrations on adventitious root formation in cuttings taken from coppiced sheanut trees. Results indicated that 3000 ppm produced significantly (p < 0.05) better rooting (57.5%) than 5000 ppm (30%), 7000 ppm (45.0%) and the control (7.5%). Although the levels of soluble sugars (SS) and total free phenols (TFP) in the cutting were significantly (p < 0.05) higher at the end of the experiment (after IBA treatment) compared to the start (prior to IBA treatment), the SS and TFP trends observed did not clearly explain the rooting differences found between the IBA levels investigated. Callus formation was significantly (p < 0.05) higher (35.0%) in the control (no IBA). Generally, callus formation decreased with increasing IBA concentration. In the rooting media experiment, rooting was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in the rice husk medium (35.0%) compared to that in the palm fiber (18.3%), saw dust (14.1%) and top soil (16.7%) media.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

D. Akakpo, N. Amissah, J. Yeboah and E. Blay, "Effect of Indole 3-Butyric Acid and Media Type on Adventitious Root Formation in Sheanut Tree (Vitellaria paradoxa C. F. Gaertn.) Stem Cuttings," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 5 No. 3, 2014, pp. 313-318. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.53043.

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