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Differential Effects of Alternative Glycoforms of IgG on Human Monocytes and Macrophages: Sialylated IgG Induces Novel Expression Signatures of Cell Surface Markers, Cytokines, and Chemokines

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DOI: 10.4236/oji.2016.62005    1,656 Downloads   2,395 Views Citations

ABSTRACT

The effector functions elicited by the fragment crystallizable (Fc) region of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies are subject to variation by the presence of terminal sialic acid (Sia) residues at asparagine-297 (Asn-297). We have previously shown that the sialic acid-containing (Sia+) fraction of intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) influences cell surface marker expression and cytokine/ chemokine secretion during the differentiation and maturation of human dendritic cells (DC). The present study examined the effects of Sia+ IgG on human peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC)-derived monocyte and macrophage surface marker expression and cytokine/chemokine secretion. Sia+ IgG induced increased expression of CD80 and dendritic cell immunoreceptor (DCIR) on monocytes, whereas the expression of HLA-DR was decreased. In addition, the production of IL-6, TNFα, IL-1β, and CXCL1 by monocytes was profoundly increased by treatment with Sia+ IgG. Sia+ IgG also increased the expression of cell surface markers associated with macrophage polarization (e.g. CD40 and CD206) on monocytes. In macrophage-colony stimulating factor (MCSF) generated macrophages, Sia+ IgG induced increased production of numerous cytokines/ chemokines including IL-6, TNFα, CXCL1, and IL-10, and the expression of the macrophage surface marker CD163. Our data extended prior observations of Sia+ IgG on DC function and showed that Sia+ IgG was able to differentially modulate multiple pathways in monocytes and macrophages. Our data indicate that the Sia+ fraction of IVIG possesses the ability to influence inflammatory processes in multiple immune cell types and induces novel signatures in cell surface marker expression and cytokine/chemokine production.

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D. Bruder, E. , O. Richards, J. , M. Michel, K. and Oaks, M. (2016) Differential Effects of Alternative Glycoforms of IgG on Human Monocytes and Macrophages: Sialylated IgG Induces Novel Expression Signatures of Cell Surface Markers, Cytokines, and Chemokines. Open Journal of Immunology, 6, 49-62. doi: 10.4236/oji.2016.62005.

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