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Intracellular Transport of HIV-1 Matrix Protein Associated with Viral RNA

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DOI: 10.4236/wja.2013.31005    3,137 Downloads   4,685 Views Citations


HIV-1 matrix protein (MA) is a multifunctional structural protein localized on N terminus of Gag precursor p55. MA participates in HIV-1 assembly as membranotropic part of Gag precursor as well as an individual protein spliced from Gag early in infection. MA is found in the nuclei of infected cells and in plasma membrane, the site of virus assembly, in association with viral genome RNA. MA mutated variant M4 which contains two changed amino acids in N-terminal regions is also associated with viral RNA, but it is localized in the nuclear and cytoskeleton fractions but not in the plasma membrane suggesting that the mutant is deprived of membranotropic signal and “sticks” in the nuclei an d cytoskeleton, its previous location sites. These data allow suggesting that MA involved into transmission of viral RNA is transported to plasma membrane by cytoskeleton.

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A. Gozhenko, V. Divocha, G. Vorkunova, A. Bukrinskaya and S. Lupandin, "Intracellular Transport of HIV-1 Matrix Protein Associated with Viral RNA," World Journal of AIDS, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2013, pp. 33-35. doi: 10.4236/wja.2013.31005.

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