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Role of Organic Matter in the Adsorption/Desorption of Cr, Cu and Pb in Competitive Systems in Two Different Soils

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DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101022    1,271 Downloads   1,534 Views  

ABSTRACT

The various methods of remediation of contaminated soils include isolation, immobilization, toxicity reduction, physical separation and extraction. In this context, a noteworthy technique is vermicomposting, which uses worms to break down recent organic matter, turning it into a chemically more stable form able to retain metal ions, rendering them unavailable to the environment. To understand the transport of these elements in the soil, it is necessary to study their dynamics in the environment. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the adsorption and desorption of metal species in soils, assessing the influence of added organic matter in order to assess the risk that these elements carry to the environment and human health. The curves of adsorption of three toxic elements in the soil were determined by adding a solution of metal salts at various concentrations, leaving 24 h centrifuging and analyzing the supernatant. The concentrations of adsorbed components were taken as the difference between those added initially and those remaining after the equilibration (Ce). Desorption was carried out by adding a solution of 0.01 mol·L-1 CaCl2·2H2O to soil samples where the metal ions were adsorbed. Following the same procedure, the concentrations of desorbed metal ions were measured.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Mendes, L. , Bucater, L. , Landgraf, M. and Rezende, M. (2014) Role of Organic Matter in the Adsorption/Desorption of Cr, Cu and Pb in Competitive Systems in Two Different Soils. Open Access Library Journal, 1, 1-5. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1101022.

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