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Spectroscopic studies reveal conformational flexibility of intrinsically unstructured protein HYPK

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DOI: 10.4236/jbpc.2011.24051    3,555 Downloads   6,842 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The chaperone-like huntingtin-interacting protein, HYPK, has unusual biophysical behavior like an intrinsically unstructured protein (IUP). The protein exists as a (pre-) molten globule with ~37% residual structure and shows com- paction in presence of Ca++. HYPK contains no intrinsic fluorophore other than a single tyrosine and displays an anomalous fluorescence peak at around 340 nm. The anomalous peak is re- duced to 303 nm by the addition of guanidine hydrochloride and at low pH, concomitant with the emission spectrum of L-tyrosine. At high pH the peak is shifted to ~350 nm with a reduction in intensity. In presence of sodium perchlorate there is no shift in HYPK fluorescence emission peak from ~340 nm suggesting localization of the lone tyrosine residue in helical regions. In CD experiments, however, a shift in local secondary structure is noticed upon perchlorate treatment. Acrylamide quenching experiments at different Ca++ concentrations demonstrate that Ca++ does not alter the accessibility of the tyro- sine to acrylamide. In the absence of any tryp- tophan contamination, these observations vali- date that, in vitro, HYPK possesses a loosely associated (pre-) molten globule like conforma- tion with the lone tyrosine being situated within an α-helix.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Raychaudhuri, S. , Choudhury, K. , Palchoudhuri, S. , Chopra, S. , Bhattacharyya, N. and Mukhopadhyay, D. (2011) Spectroscopic studies reveal conformational flexibility of intrinsically unstructured protein HYPK. Journal of Biophysical Chemistry, 2, 434-442. doi: 10.4236/jbpc.2011.24051.

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