Share This Article:

Temporal Variations of GPS Irregularities at Conjugate Points under Storm Conditions

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:771KB) PP. 145-149
DOI: 10.4236/pos.2011.24014    3,868 Downloads   9,330 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The paper investigates the temporal variations of GPS irregularities at quasi-conjugate points in the polar region during the October-Novemebrr 2003 Halloween storm. The pseudorange and carrier phase observables obtained from dual frequency GPS receivers of Trimble 5700 at Scott Base Station in Antarctica and Ashtech Z-X113 at Resolute Bay in Nunavut, Arctic are employed in determination the ionospheric total electron content (TEC) and scintillation parameters. The comparison of TEC and scintillation parameters at both stations show: dominant occurrence of positive storm phases over the nightside hemisphere, dominant occurrence of negative storm phases over the dayside hemisphere ,the periods of pronounced scintillation activity at both hemispheres were coincident with the TEC enhancement periods, the weak scintillation periods are coincident with the TEC depletion periods. The strong TEC enhancement during the sudden storm commencement of the geomagnetic storm was only seen over the nightside station, and finally obvious asymmetry in the ionospheric TEC and scintillation activity between summer and winter hemispheres was observed. The results over the polar were in good agreement with previous measurements made by other researchers over the subauraral and midlatitude regions.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Momani, F. Al-Taweel and S. Sulaiman, "Temporal Variations of GPS Irregularities at Conjugate Points under Storm Conditions," Positioning, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2011, pp. 145-149. doi: 10.4236/pos.2011.24014.

References

[1] A. Dodson, T. Moore, M. H. Aquino and S. Waugh, “Ionospheric Scintillation Monitoring in Northern Europe,” ION GPS 2001 Conference, Salt Lake City, 11-14 September 2001, pp. 2490-2498.
[2] A. Rodger and J. Aarons, “Studies of Ionospheric F-Region Irregularities from Geomagnetic Mid-Latitude Conjugate Regions,” Journal of Atmospheric and Terres- trial Physics, Vol. 50, No. 1, 1988, pp. 63-72. doi:10.1016/0021-9169(88)90010-4
[3] N. Jakowski, H. D. Battac, B. Lazo and L. Lois, “Sea- sonal Variations of the Columnar Electron Content of the Ionosphere Observed at Havana from July 1974 to April 1975,” Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 43, No. 1, 1981, pp. 7-11. doi:10.1016/0021-9169(81)90003-9
[4] N. Balan, G. J. Bailey, N. R. Balachandran and J. E. Tith- eridge, “Nighttime Enhancements in Ionospheric Electron Content in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres,” Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 56, No. 1, 1994, pp. 67-79. doi:10.1016/0021-9169(94)90177-5
[5] H. Le, L. Liu, X. Yue and W. Wan “The Ionospheric Behavior in Conjugate Hemispheres during the 3 October 2005 Solar Eclipse,” Annales Geophysicae, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2009, pp. 179-184. doi:10.5194/angeo-27-179-2009
[6] Y. Otsuka, T. Ogawa, A. Saito, T. Tsugawa, S. Fukao and S. Miyazaki, “A new Technique for Mapping of Total Electron Content Using GPS Network in Japan,” Earth Planets and Space, Vol. 54, 2002, pp. 63-70.
[7] J. A. Klobuchar, “Ionospheric Effects on GPS, in Global Positioning System: Theory and Applications, Volume 1,” B. W. Parkinson and J. J. Spilker Eds., American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics INC., Washing- ton, 1996, pp. 485-515.
[8] A. J. Mannucci, B. D. Wilson and C. D. Edwards, “A New Method for Monitoring the Earth Ionosphere Total Electron Content Using the GPS Global Network,” Pro- ceedings of ION GPS 93, Salt Lake City, 22 September 1993, pp. 1323-1332.
[9] R. Warnant and E. Pottiaux, “The Increase of the Iono- spheric Activity as Measured by GPS,” Earth Planets Space, Vol. 52, 2000, pp. 1055-1060.
[10] I. Veselovsky, I. Panasyuk and V. Yanke, “Solar and Heliospheric Phenomena in October-November 2003: Causes and Effects,” Cosmic Research, Vol. 42, No. 5, 2004, pp. 453-488.
[11] L. Baran, I. Ephishov and I. Shagimuratov, “Ionospheric Total Electron Content Behaviour during November 1997 Storm,” Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part C: Solar, Terrestrial & Planetary Science, Vol. 26, No. 5, 2001, pp. 341-345. doi:10.1016/S1464-1917(01)00010-1
[12] A. D. Danilov and J. Lastovicka, “Effects of Geomag- netic Storms on the Ionosphere and Atmosphere,” International Journal of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, Vol. 2, 2001, pp. 209-224.
[13] D. Idenden, “The Thermospheric Effects of a Rapid Polar Cap Expansion,” Annales Geophysicae, Vol. 16, No. 10, 1998, pp. 1380-1391. doi:10.1007/s00585-998-1380-3
[14] P. R. Field, H. Rishbeth, R. J. Moffett, D. W. Idenden, T. J. Fuller-Rowell, G. H. Millward and A. D. Aylward, “Modelling Composition Changes in F-layer Storms,” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 60, No. 5, 1998, pp. 523-543. doi:10.1016/S1364-6826(97)00074-6

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.