Share This Article:

Stratospheric Ozone Detection Using a Photon Stimulated Ozone Sensor Based on Indium Oxide Nanoparticles

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:778KB) PP. 1108-1112
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.28128    3,530 Downloads   6,065 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Stratospheric ozone is normally measured using stationary equipments, such as a Dobson spectrometer and filter ozonometer, which have the disadvantages of large size, high price and high cost for operation and maintenance. In this work, a balloon-borne photostimulated ozone sensor based on indium oxide nanoparticles has been developed to measure stratospheric ozone. Using the remote compact energy-saving room-temperature ozone sensor, a vertical distribution of ozone concentration with a high resolution was obtained, and the ozone concentration at ~ 27 km over sea level between Lake Constance, Germany and Lake Zurich, Switzerland was determined to be ~ 5.6 ppm.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

C. Wang, R. Becker, O. Kappeler, V. Cimalla, M. Matthes and J. Mundhenke, "Stratospheric Ozone Detection Using a Photon Stimulated Ozone Sensor Based on Indium Oxide Nanoparticles," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 2 No. 8, 2011, pp. 1108-1112. doi: 10.4236/jep.2011.28128.

References

[1] [1] R. C. Smith and K. S. Baker, “Stratospheric Ozone, Middle Ultraviolet-Radiation, and C-14 Measurements of Marine Productivity,” Science, Vol. 208, No. 4444, 1980, pp. 592-593. doi:10.1126/science.208.4444.592
[2] R. Stolarski, R. Bojkov, L. Bishop, C. Zerefos, J. Staehelin and J. Zawodny, “Measured Trends in Stratospheric Ozone,” Science, Vol. 256, No. 5055, 1992, pp. 342-349. doi:10.1126/science.256.5055.342
[3] R. D. McPeters and S. M. Hollandsworth, “Trends in global ozone as of 1995,” International Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 51, No. 3, 1996, pp. 165-182. doi:10.1080/00207239608711079
[4] H. V?mel and K. Diaz, “Ozone Sonde Cell Current Measurements and Implications for Observations of Near-Zero Ozone Concentrations in the Tropical Upper Troposphere,” Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2010, pp. 495-505. doi:10.5194/amt-3-495-2010
[5] H. Nakagawa, S. Okazaki, S. Asakura, H. Shimizu and I. Iwamoto, “A New Ozone Sensor for an Ozone Generator,” Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical, Vol. 77, No. 1-2, 2001, pp. 543-547. doi:10.1016/S0925-4005(01)00696-7
[6] C. Y. Wang, V. Cimalla, T. Kups, C. C. R?hlig, T. Stau- den, O. Ambacher, M. Kunzer, T. Passow, W. Schirmacher, W. Pletschen, K. K?hler and J. Wagner, “Integration of In2O3 Nanoparticle Based Ozone Sensors with GaInN/GaN Light Emitting Diodes,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 91, No. 10, 2007, pp. 103509. doi:10.1063/1.2779971
[7] K. K?hler, T. Stephan, A. Perona, J. Wiegert, M. Maier, M. Kunzer and J. Wagner, “Control of the Mg Doping Profile in III-N Light-Emitting Diodes and Its Effect on the Electroluminescence Efficiency,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 97, No. 10, 2005, pp. 104914-104918. doi:10.1063/1.1901836
[8] C. Y. Wang, V. Cimalla, H. Romanus, T. Kups, M. Niebelschutz and O. Ambacher, “Tuning of Electrical and Structural Properties of Indium Oxide Films Grown by Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition,” Thin Solid Films, Vol. 515, No. 16, 2007, pp. 6611-6614. doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2006.11.079
[9] C. Y. Wang, V. Cimalla, T. Kups, C. C. Rohlig, H. Romanus, V. Lebedev, J. Pezoldt, T. Stauden and O. Ambacher, “Photoreduction and Oxidation Behavior of In2O3 Nanoparticles by Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 102, No. 4, 2007, pp. 044310-044316. doi:10.1063/1.2770831
[10] D. Kley, P. J. Crutzen, H. G. J. Smit, H. Vomel, S. J. Oltmans, H. Grassl and V. Ramanathan, “Observations of Near-Zero Ozone Concentrations over the Convective Pacific: Effects on Air Chemistry,” Science, Vol. 274, No. 5285, 1996, pp. 230-233. doi:10.1126/science.274.5285.230
[11] A. J. Krueger and R. A. Minzner, “Mid-Latitude Ozone Model for 1976 United-States Standard Atmosphere,” Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans and Atmospheres, Vol. 81, No. 24, 1976, pp. 4477-4481. doi:10.1029/JC081i024p04477
[12] G. Brasseur, “The Endangered Ozone-Layer,” Environment, Vol. 29, No. 1, 1987, pp. 6-11. doi:10.1080/00139157.1987.9928845

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.