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Opportunities for Sustainable Low Carbon Energy Research Development and Applications

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DOI: 10.4236/lce.2011.23022    5,312 Downloads   9,978 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

People to rely upon oil for primary energy and this for a few more decades. Other conventional sources may be more enduring, but are not without serious disadvantages. The renewable energy resources are particularly suited for the provision of rural power supplies and a major advantage is that equipment such as flat plate solar driers, wind machines, etc., can be constructed using local resources and without the advantage results from the feasibility of local maintenance and the general encouragement such local manufacture gives to the build up of small-scale rural based industry. This article comprises a comprehensive review of energy sources, the environment and sustainable development. It includes the renewable energy technologies, energy efficiency systems, energy conservation scenarios, energy savings in greenhouses environment and other mitigation measures necessary to reduce climate change. This article gives some examples of small-scale energy converters, nevertheless it should be noted that small conventional comma i.e, engines are currently the major source of power in rural areas and will continue to be so for a long time to come. There is a need for some further development to suit local conditions, to minimise spares holdings, to maximise interchangeability both of engine parts and of the engine application. Emphasis should be placed on full local manufacture. It is concluded that renewable environmentally friendly energy must be encouraged, promoted, implemented and demonstrated by full-scale plant especially for use in remote rural areas.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Omer, "Opportunities for Sustainable Low Carbon Energy Research Development and Applications," Low Carbon Economy, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2011, pp. 173-191. doi: 10.4236/lce.2011.23022.

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