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The common physical origin of the glass transition, macromolecular entanglement and turbulence

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DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.37081    4,853 Downloads   8,948 Views   Citations
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ABSTRACT

The interface excitation (IE) on intermolecular interface is a common concept connecting the glass transition (GT), macromolecular entan-glement (ME), and turbulence. IE has an addi-tional repulsion energy and extra vacancy vol-ume that result from the two neighboring molecules with antiparallel delocalization all in, e.g., the z-axial ground state of single-molecule instantaneous polarized dipole at GT. IEs only occur in the 8 orders of 2D IE loop-flows on lo-cal x-y projection plane. Theoretical proof of the 3.4 power law of ME viscosity reveals that (i) the delocalization mode of GT and solid-liquid tran-sition is solitary wave; wave- particle duality of solitary wave is ascribed to the equal probabili-ties between appearing and disappearing of IE loop-flow in inverse cascade and cascade mode; (ii) macromolecular chain-length in ME motion corresponds to Reynolds number in hydrody-namics; both the ME motion and the turbulent flow obey the same scale law. IE is not the ex-citation of dipole energy level at GT. However, when IEs are associated with the energy levels of instantaneous polarized dipole, we predict that the coherent structure formed by multilevel 8 orders of 2D IE loop-flows is the physical ori-gin of turbulence based on the universal ran-dom delocalization transition theory.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

WU, J. (2011) The common physical origin of the glass transition, macromolecular entanglement and turbulence. Natural Science, 3, 580-593. doi: 10.4236/ns.2011.37081.

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