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Clinical Feature of Japanese Patients with Fulminant Myocarditis—Myocarditis in Japanese Patients

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DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.23041    4,138 Downloads   6,764 Views  

ABSTRACT

Fulminant myocarditis is commonly recognized as an acute myocarditis with cardiogenic shock requiring mechanical support systems. Before the development of mechanical assist devices, previous study described that most of patients with fulminant myocarditis die at acute phase because of rapidly progressive cardiac decompensation. To investigate the feature of myocarditis, we checked consecutive 18 patients (10 men, 8 women, 12yr-80yr) from April in 2001 to September 2008 in University. Of these patients 3 needed intraaortic balloon pumping (IABP) (2 men, 1 woman), 6 did both IABP and percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) (2 men, 4 women). Three patients who need both IABP and PCPS died (2 men, 49yr and 65yr, 1 woman, 54yr) because of uncontrolled bacterial infection. No patients whose age was under 40yr (5 men, 4 women) died although a man needed IABP and 3 women did both IABP and PCPS. Sixteen patients were able to resume a normal life although 1 male patient needed permanent pacemaker, 1 female did cardiac resynchronization therapy, and a male and a female had left ventricular systolic dysfunction. In conclusion, the young patients had better prognosis than older even if mechanical assist is needed. Although half of patients needed mechanical assist, the prevention of multi-organ complications including bacterial infection is one of the most important keys in the treatment of fulminant myocarditis.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

H. Kawano, Y. Nagayoshi, S. Kojima, N. Kakihara, S. Sakuma, M. Uchino, A. Komatsu, M. Asaka, M. Shimomura, H. Yamabe, H. Ogawa and K. Node, "Clinical Feature of Japanese Patients with Fulminant Myocarditis—Myocarditis in Japanese Patients," International Journal of Clinical Medicine, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2011, pp. 260-263. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.23041.

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