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Heritability Estimates of Karen Horney’s Core Neurotic Trends in a Young Adult Twin Sample

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DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.615199    3,041 Downloads   3,870 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to explore the heritability of psychoanalyst Karen Horney’s three core neurotic trends (i.e., compliance, aggression, and detachment) in a twin paradigm to evaluate the validity of her theoretically assumed origins of neuroses. Method: Data were collected from 168 adult participants (M age = 21.54 years; range = 18 - 25 years) including 60 monozygotic twin pairs (10 male pairs and 50 female pairs) and 24 dizygotic twin pairs (4 male pairs and 20 female pairs). Participants completed the 57-item Horney-Coolidge Tridimensional Inventory (HCTI). Results: The best fitting model for compliance and detachment included additive genetic and nonshared environmental influences. For aggression, phenotypic variance was completely traced back to shared and nonshared environmental influences. Conclusions: The results are discussed in light of Horney’s hypotheses for the genesis of neurotic trends as well as findings from behavioral genetic research.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Coolidge, F. , Segal, D. , Estey, A. , Spinath, F. , Hahn, E. and Gottschling, J. (2015) Heritability Estimates of Karen Horney’s Core Neurotic Trends in a Young Adult Twin Sample. Psychology, 6, 2013-2024. doi: 10.4236/psych.2015.615199.

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