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Simulation of Runoff and Sediment Yield for a Kaneri Watershed Using SWAT Model

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DOI: 10.4236/gep.2016.41001    2,945 Downloads   3,759 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Watershed as an entry point acts as a beginning to address the issues of sustainable rainwater management for improving livelihoods. Extraction of watershed parameters using Geographical Information System (GIS) and use of simulation models is the current trend for hydrologic evaluation of watersheds. In the present study, the open Source Tool Quantum GIS 2.2.0 was used for preparation of maps to verify the spatial extent of the area. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) having an interface with Arc-View GIS software (ArcGIS 10.1 with Arc SWAT 2012 extension) was selected for the estimation of runoff and sediment yield from Kaneri watershed, located in Western Maharashtra region. The coefficient of determination (R2) for the monthly and yearly runoff was obtained as 0.849 and 0.951 respectively for the calibration period 1979 to 2000 and 0.801 and 0.950 respectively for the validation period 2001-2013. The R2 value in estimating the monthly and yearly sediment yield during calibration period was computed as 0.722 and 0.788 respectively. The R2 for monthly and yearly sediment yield values for validation period was observed to be 0.565 and 0.684 respectively.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Swami, V. and Kulkarni, S. (2016) Simulation of Runoff and Sediment Yield for a Kaneri Watershed Using SWAT Model. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 4, 1-15. doi: 10.4236/gep.2016.41001.

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