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Coffee Modulates the Function of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) in Human Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y Cells

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DOI: 10.4236/nm.2015.64025    4,135 Downloads   5,516 Views  

ABSTRACT

Recent epidemiological studies showed that daily coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk for several neurological disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease; however, the molecular mechanisms responsible for the protective effect of coffee against neurological disorders have not been elucidated. As brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) promotes neuronal survival and protects against neuronal damage, we investigated the effects of coffee on BDNF signaling using human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. We found that brewed coffee exerted an inhibitory effect on the autophosphorylation of tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB), a BDNF receptor. Additionally, coffee reduced the phosphorylation of Akt in BDNF-treated SH-SY5Y cells. Treatment with coffee did not affect the TrkB receptor on the cell surface. The major constituents of coffee, such as caffeine, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, and trigonelline had no effect on TrkB phosphorylation induced by BDNF. In addition, coffee reduced the BDNF-induced increase in BDNF gene expression and the neurite outgrowth promoted by BDNF. Our data suggest that the protective effect of coffee reported in epidemiological studies against neurological disorders may not be associated with BDNF signaling through TrkB.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Kakio, S. , Nakazawa, Y. , Funakoshi-Tago, M. and Tamura, H. (2015) Coffee Modulates the Function of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) in Human Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y Cells. Neuroscience and Medicine, 6, 165-174. doi: 10.4236/nm.2015.64025.

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