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Recent Trends in Occupational Injuries and Diseases in Argentina: A Panel Data Approach

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DOI: 10.4236/odem.2015.34007    4,193 Downloads   4,797 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Occupational injuries pose major public health and development related problems. However, efforts towards identification of determinants of labor incidents among salaried workers are still scarce in developing countries. This study aimed to identify sector and time effects on occupational accidents and diseases among Argentinean workers during 2004-2013. A negative binomial panel data model is estimated based on official data on injuries and fatalities in workplaces collected by the Board of Occupational Risks. Business cycle and profitability indicators are used as explanatory variables. Estimations also are adjusted by sector and time effects. Argentina business cycle tends to be negatively related with occupational injuries rates. In contrast, accidents at work reported tend to exhibit longer losses in working days. We also find a positive relationship between profitability and fatal injuries. These results may suggest incentives for under reporting and lower investments in safety by more profitable activities, which can imply some level of endogeneity between profit rate and occupational injuries.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Viego, V. and Sagui, N. (2015) Recent Trends in Occupational Injuries and Diseases in Argentina: A Panel Data Approach. Occupational Diseases and Environmental Medicine, 3, 57-75. doi: 10.4236/odem.2015.34007.

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