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Integrating Roundabouts with Freight Roadway Networks

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DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2015.610024    3,531 Downloads   3,859 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The demand for freight transportation in the United States has grown rapidly in the past couple of decades; the rate at which the highway capacity is growing is not able to meet the freight-trans- portation needs, resulting in congestion and delay, ultimately affecting the users and the public with increased prices for the goods delivered, unreliable delivery times, and air-pollution concerns. Freight bottlenecks are a major cause of recurring congestion which accounts for about 40% of total vehicle hours of delay in the United States. Intersections for urban freight-roadway networks are one of the major freight bottlenecks and are considered to be a significant contributor for congestion and delay. Improving the efficiency at urban intersections with high truck traffic can address the freight-traffic congestion, leading to optimized goods movement as well as decreased delays, congestion, and emissions, thus enhancing the air quality in and around the communities. With the roundabout intersection control being proven as a safe, operationally efficient, and environment-friendly control treatment, a greater use of roundabouts with urban freight- roadway networks and their feasibility is analyzed in this study. The control for most urban intersections is a signalized treatment; a performance analysis is conducted for selected signalized intersections in urban freight-roadway networks, comparing the intersections by adapting a roundabout control theoretically using SIDRA (signalized and un-signalized intersection design and research aid) Intersection software. Various parameters, such as the intersection’s level of service, the effective intersection capacity, the average control delay, vehicular emissions [carbon dioxide (CO2), hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and nitrogen oxides (NOx)], the intersection’s annual delay, and the intersection’s annual cost, are selected for comparison.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Godavarthy, R. and Russell, E. (2015) Integrating Roundabouts with Freight Roadway Networks. Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, 6, 293-302. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2015.610024.

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