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A Study of the Cardiovascular Risk Factor Profile in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome with Particular Reference to Metabolic Syndrome

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DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2015.611113    2,052 Downloads   2,757 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Cardiovascular risk factors for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are on rise in people of Indian origin. Moreover, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) is higher in populations with ACS than in the general population. Thus, the aim of the study was to evaluate the cardiovascular risk factor profile of patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome and to study the prevalence and impact of metabolic syndrome in patients with acute coronary syndrome by using South Asian modified National cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III definition. Methods: This study was conducted between October, 2010 and March, 2011 at Government General Hospital, Kurnool, India. A total of 100 patients with ST or non-ST segment elevation ACS and who had clinical, electrocardiographic and biochemical diagnosis within the first 24 hrs of clinical onset were enrolled in the study. The enrolled subjects were divided into two groups: those with MS and those without MS. Cardiovascular risk factors defined by components of MS were evaluated. Analysis was performed using SPSS software. Results: Sixty patients had MS along with ACS and 40 patients had ACS without MS. The most prevalent component of MS was increased waist circumference (83.3%), followed by increased triglycerides (78.3%) and increased fasting blood sugar (76.7%). Majority of patients (58.3%) had presence of three components of MS. Conclusion: The MS is a highly prevalent condition among the patients with ACS and is associated with severe coronary artery disease. The identification of MS imparts a high risk status to the patient in developing cardiovascular disease but at the same time provides abundant opportunities for intervention. Hence it is of paramount importance to aim for stricter goals and lower cut offs for intervention at all levels of prevention: primordial, primary and secondary.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Ali Sowdagar, M. , Naidu Otikunta, A. , Reddy, Y. and Sekhar Pulala, C. (2015) A Study of the Cardiovascular Risk Factor Profile in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome with Particular Reference to Metabolic Syndrome. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 6, 859-866. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2015.611113.

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