Share This Article:

Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy on Cognitive Flexibility in Perfectionist

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:236KB) PP. 1780-1785
DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.614174    2,518 Downloads   3,228 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the cognitive behaviour therapy on the perfectionist students’ cognitive flexibility. The population in the research included students of Khorramshahr University of Marine Science and Technology on 2014 that were high perfectionism. In this study by using a Purposive sampling we included 31 students among whom were perfectionism based on FMPS scale. Method of research was semi-experimental study and the type of pre-test and post test with control and instrumentals of study was cognitive flexibility questionnaire, perfectionism of frost. First, pretests are completed by both groups. After the group therapy (which consisted of eight ninety-minute sessions) was finished, the post-test was carried out for both control and experimental groups. After the group therapy (which consisted of eight ninety-minute sessions) was finished, the post-test was carried out for both control and experimental groups. For the analysis of data, Analysis of MANCOVA was used to analyze data. Results showed that the cognitive behavior therapy has affected on cognitive flexibility and decreased perfectionism. These results had continued in stage of following up. Conclusions increased perfectionism of student by improving their cognitive flexibility and these had continued because of practice in stage of following up.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Nazarzadeh, R. , Fazeli, M. , Aval, M. and Shourch, R. (2015) Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy on Cognitive Flexibility in Perfectionist. Psychology, 6, 1780-1785. doi: 10.4236/psych.2015.614174.

References

[1] Besser, A., Flett, G. L., & Hewitt, P. (2004). Perfectionism, Cognition and Affect in Response to Performance Fallure vs. Success. Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 22, 301-326.
[2] Delavar, A. (2006). Research Methodologies in Psychology and Training ya Education Science. Tehran Publication: Payamnur University.
[3] Dennis, J. P., & Vander Wal, J. S. (2010). The Cognitive Flexibility Inventory: Instrument Development and Estimates of Reliability and Validity. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 34, 241-253.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10608-009-9276-4
[4] Fati, L., Shakiba, S. H., Tahmasebi Moradi, S. H., Naseri, H., & Ziaee, H. (2011). Technique of Cognitive Therapy (p. 19). Tehran: Danzhe.
[5] Forozande, N., Del Aram, M., Solati, K., Aeen, F., & Deris, F. (2002). Effect of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy on Depression of Non-Medical College Student. Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, 4, 11-17.
[6] Gan, Y., Zhang, Y., Xilin, W., Wang, S., & Shen, X. (2006). The Coping Flexibility of Neurasthenia and Depressive Patients. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 859-871.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2005.09.006
[7] Glass, B. D., Maddox, W. T., & Love, B. C.(2013). Real-Time Strategy Game Training: Emergence of a Cognitive Flexibility Trait. Plosone, 8, 1-7.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0070350
[8] Gunduz, B. (2013). Emotional Intelligence, Cognitive Flexibility and Psychological Symptoms in Pre-Service Teachers. Durational Research and Reviews, 8, 1048-1056.
[9] Kahrizi, H., Aghayusefi, A., & Mirhashemi, M. (2011). Effect of Cognitive-Group-Therapy (Michael Frre) on Decrease prisoner Depression. Thought and Behavior, 6, 21-30.
[10] Kakavand, A., Lebadi, Z., & Zarei, S. H. (2013). Relationship between Perfectionist and Cognitive Style in Girl Student in Karj City. Journal of Educational Psychology, 27, 27-48.
[11] Lloyd, S., Yiend, J., Schmidt, U., & Tchanturia, K. (2014). Perfectionism in Anorexia Nervosa: Novel Performance Based Evidence. PLoS ONE, 9, e111697.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111697
[12] Mitchell, J. H., Newall, C., Broeren, S., & Hudson, J. L. (2013). The Role of Perfectionism in Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Outcomes for Clinically Anxious Children. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 51, 547-554.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2013.05.015
[13] Mohamdkhani, S. H. (2011). Practice Guideline of Meta-Cognition on Anxiety and Depression. Tehran: Varaye Danesh.
[14] Rekabdar, G. H., & Soleimani, B. (2011). Identify Typology of Perfectionism and Its Effect beside Gender on Attitude toward Entrepreneurship. Journal of Educational Psychology, 7, 89-105.
[15] Sahraee, A., Khosravi, Z., & Besharat, M. (2009). Relation between Non-Rational Belief and Positive-Negative Perfectionist in Student of Noshahr. Quarterly Journal of Psychological Studies, 6, 9-42.
[16] Soleimani, B., & Rekabdar, G. H. (2010). Relationship between Perfectionism Dimensions and Basic Mathematical Skills of students. Journal of Educational Psychology, 1, 1-12.
[17] Soltani, E., Shareh, H., Bahrainian, A., & Farmani, A. (2013). The Mediating Role of Cognitive Flexibility in Correlation of coping Styles and Resilience with Depression. Pajoohandeh Journal, 18, 88-96.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.