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Live and Inactivated Salmonella Enteritidis Vaccines: Immune Mechanisms in Broiler Breeders

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DOI: 10.4236/wjv.2015.54018    3,969 Downloads   4,789 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Salmonella is a ubiquitous pathogen which, in addition to causing poultry diseases, has a growing zoonotic impact. It has demanded the implementation of diverse control strategies, in which vaccines play a major role. The understanding of the immune pathways elicited by the different vaccines is important, contributing for the establishment of strong immune correlates of protection, for instance. With the purpose of determining the dynamics of the humoral and cellular immune responses to vaccination, broiler breeders (Cobb Slow) were immunized with live or inactivated vaccines against Salmonella Enteritidis. Lymphocyte and macrophage subsets were analyzed in the peripheral blood by flow cytometry and antigen-specific circulating IgY and mucosal IgA were quantified. The markers analyzed by flow cytometry were CD8/CD28, CD4/TCRVβ1, Kul/ MHC II and Bu-1. Both live and inactivated vaccines induced an increase in the proportion of circulating monocytes (Kul+MHCII+) in some time points compared to non-vaccinated controls. However, whereas the live vaccine leads to an increase in CD8-CD28+ and Bu-1+ lymphocytescompared to the control group, the inactivated vaccine prompteda reduction in the percentage of severalleucocyte subsets (Kul-MHCII+, Bu-1+, CD8+CD28+, CD8-CD28+, CD4+TCRVβ1-, CD4+TCRVβ1+, CD4-TCRVβ1+) after the boost dose. Both vaccines induced specific serum IgY and mucosal IgA production; however, the inactivated vaccine stimulated higher titers in a shorter period. These results contribute to the understanding of mechanisms of action of live and inactivated Salmonella vaccines in chickens.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Bérto, L. , Beirão, B. , Filho, T. , Ingberman, M. , Fávaro Jr., C. , Tavella, R. , Silva, R. and Caron, L. (2015) Live and Inactivated Salmonella Enteritidis Vaccines: Immune Mechanisms in Broiler Breeders. World Journal of Vaccines, 5, 155-164. doi: 10.4236/wjv.2015.54018.

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